The Legal Framework for Regional State Aid in the European Union in 2014–2020 and Its Impact on the Attractiveness of Poland’s Regions to Investors

  • Adam A. Ambroziak
Part of the Contributions to Economics book series (CE)


This chapter outlines the latest changes in the rules for granting regional state in the period of 2014–2020, with a special focus on how the new rules will directly influence the investment attractiveness of all EU regions, including those in Poland. Regional aid is supposed to contribute to achieving an “objective of common interest,” i.e. reinforcement of economic cohesion in the EU by helping to better use the endogenous factors which can be found in every region, in line with the new paradigm of the Cohesion Policy. This means that new investment projects, in addition to reducing unemployment, should contribute to greater innovations in the economy. Under the new rules, regional aid will be allowed all throughout Poland, though the highest ceiling has been maintained only in the eastern voivodeships (regions), which should be attractive to potential investors thinking of locating in Poland. However, external circumstances also need be kept in mind (for example, other regions in Central and Eastern Europe that will offer similar support with greater location advantages).


Gross Domestic Product Polish Region Investment Project Special Economic Zone Investment Attractiveness 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. Ambroziak AA (2005) State aid as an instrument for reinforcing competitiveness of polish undertakings. Necessity for retargeting of the granted aid? Project: changes in industrial competitiveness as a factor of integration: identifying challenges of the enlarged single European market, research. CASE - Center for Social and Economic Research, funded by the 5th Framework Programme of the European Union, BrusselsGoogle Scholar
  2. Ambroziak AA (2006) Wpływ nowych wytycznych w sprawie krajowej pomocy regionalnej na funkcjonowanie specjalnych stref ekonomicznych w Polsce [The influence of the new guidelines concerning national aid to regions on the functioning of special economic zones in Poland] Wspólnoty Europejskie, No. 3(172)/2006, pp 18–28Google Scholar
  3. Ambroziak AA (2009) Krajowa pomoc regionalna w specjalnych strefach ekonomicznych w Polsce [National regional aid in special economic zones in Poland]. Oficyna Wydawnicza SGH, WarszawaGoogle Scholar
  4. Ambroziak AA (2011) Strategy for the re-launching the EU internal market in response to the economic crisis, 2008-2010, Yearbook of Polish European Studies, vol 14/2011. Centre for Europe, University of Warsaw, Warsaw, pp 27–54Google Scholar
  5. Ambroziak AA (2013a) Koncepcja krajowej pomocy regionalnej w latach 2014-2020 [The Concept of Regional Aid Map in Member States of the EU for 2014-2020], Unia, No. 3(220)/2013, pp 16–25Google Scholar
  6. Ambroziak AA (2013b) Koncepcja mapy pomocy regionalnej w Unii Europejskiej w latach 2014–2020 [The Concept of Regional Aid Map in Member States of the EU for 2014-2020], Unia No. 4(221)/2013, pp 31–40Google Scholar
  7. Ambroziak AA (2013c) Wpływ wytycznych w sprawie krajowej pomocy regionalnej na warunki udzielania wsparcia przedsiębiorcom w Polsce w latach 2014-2020 [The Impact of the Guidelines on National Regional Aid on the Conditions for Granting Support to Entrepreneurs in Poland in the Years 2014-2020], Unia, No. 5(222), pp 17–28Google Scholar
  8. COM(2012)209, Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament, the Council, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions. EU State Aid Modernisation, Brussels, 8.05.2012Google Scholar
  9. COM(2005)107, State aid action plan – less and better targeted state aid: a roadmap for state aid reform 2005-2009, Brussels, 7.06.2005Google Scholar
  10. European Commission (2006) Guidelines on regional State aid for 2007-2013, OJ C 54, 4.03.2006, p 13Google Scholar
  11. European Commission (2013) Guidelines on regional State aid for 2014-2020, OJ C 209, 23.07.2013, p 1Google Scholar
  12. Wishlade F (2011) Setting the scene for competition policy control of regional aid 2014+. European policy research paper, no. 80, University of Strathclyde, GlasgowGoogle Scholar
  13. Wishlade F (2013) Non-paper – non-starter or non-negotiable? EU competition policy and regional aid control post 2013. European policy research paper, no. 83, University of Strathclyde, GlasgowGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Jean Monnet Chair of European Integration, Collegium of World EconomyWarsaw School of EconomicsWarsawPoland

Personalised recommendations