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Imputation of Quantitative Genetic Interactions in Epistatic MAPs by Interaction Propagation Matrix Completion

  • Marinka Žitnik
  • Blaž Zupan
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 8394)

Abstract

A popular large-scale gene interaction discovery platform is the Epistatic Miniarray Profile (E-MAP). E-MAPs benefit from quantitative output, which makes it possible to detect subtle interactions. However, due to the limits of biotechnology, E-MAP studies fail to measure genetic interactions for up to 40% of gene pairs in an assay. Missing measurements can be recovered by computational techniques for data imputation, thus completing the interaction profiles and enabling downstream analysis algorithms that could otherwise be sensitive to largely incomplete data sets. We introduce a new interaction data imputation method called interaction propagation matrix completion (IP-MC). The core part of IP-MC is a low-rank (latent) probabilistic matrix completion approach that considers additional knowledge presented through a gene network. IP-MC assumes that interactions are transitive, such that latent gene interaction profiles depend on the profiles of their direct neighbors in a given gene network. As the IP-MC inference algorithm progresses, the latent interaction profiles propagate through the branches of the network. In a study with three different E-MAP data assays and the considered protein-protein interaction and Gene Ontology similarity networks, IP-MC significantly surpassed existing alternative techniques. Inclusion of information from gene networks also allows IP-MC to predict interactions for genes that were not included in original E-MAP assays, a task that could not be considered by current imputation approaches.

Keywords

genetic interaction missing value imputation epistatic miniarray profile matrix completion interaction propagation 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Marinka Žitnik
    • 1
  • Blaž Zupan
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Faculty of Computer and Information ScienceUniversity of LjubljanaSlovenia
  2. 2.Department of Molecular and Human GeneticsBaylor College of MedicineHoustonUSA

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