MOOCs, the Flipped Classroom, and Khan Academy Practices: The Implications of Augmented Learning

  • Adolfo PlasenciaEmail author
  • Natalia Navas


Learning paradigms and practices are currently undergoing enormous transformations. Online learning is a reconfiguration of pre-Internet approaches. Peer-to-peer, non-hierarchical learning is made possible by the emergence of a mobile Internet that permits shared distance learning through “ubiquitous connectivity.” Many universities and educational institutions around the world feverishly investigate and pursue the promises of new forms of technology-based online learning. Heralded examples are Massive Open Online Courses, the “Flipped Classroom” (also called the “Post-Lecture Classroom,” the “Condensed Classroom,” and even the “Hybrid Classroom”); and the methods employed by the Khan Academy (form-based learning incorporating a digital audiovisual tutorial mode and initially free online access). These new learning models do not replace their traditional counterparts but rather recombine them in a hybrid pattern we propose here to call “augmented learning” that includes significant components of informal as well as horizontal and self-organized learning.



 We thank Douglas Morgenstern, Senior Lecturer, Emeritus at MIT and Extension Instructor at Harvard University, for his advice and invaluable assistance and help; Roberto Aparici, Profesor Titular en Comunicación y Educación at the Universidad Nacional de Educación a Distancia (UNED) and Director del Master de Comunicación y Educación en la Red, for his valuable lessons and assistance (UNED); Sara Osuna Acedo, Vicerrectora Adjunta de Formación Permanente y Secretaria Académica del Master de Comunicación y Educación en la Red (UNED), for her continued unconditional support; and Ignacio Gil Pechuán, Catedrático de Escuela Universitaria at the Departamento de Organización de Empresas at Universidad Politécnica de Valencia (UPV), for proposing us to participate in this publication.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Máster Comunicación y Educación en la Red. UNEDValenciaSpain
  2. 2.Audiovisual Communication DepartmentUniversidad Nacional de Educación a Distancia (UNED)ValenciaSpain

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