Large Eddy Simulation of Diluted Turbulent Spray Combustion Based on FGM Methodology: Effect of fuel and Mass Loading

  • Amsini SadikiEmail author
  • Mouldi Chrigui
  • Fernando Sacomano
  • Assaad R. Masri
Conference paper
Part of the ERCOFTAC Series book series (ERCO, volume 19)


A numerical methodology relying on Large Eddy Simulation is used to analyze and evaluate the impact of fuel and mass loading on turbulent spray combustion. To retrieve the flow, mixing and combustion proper-ties, an Eulerian-Lagrangian approach is adopted. The method includes a full two-way coupling between the interacting two phases in presence, while the evaporation process is described by a non-eqnilibrium vaporization model. The carrier phase turbulence is captured by a combustion LES technique in which first order sub-grid scale models are applied.

Two different fuels are used to produce spray jets through a pilot flame and a co-flowing atmospheric air. A spray pre-evaporation zone enables the combustion regime to turn from diffusion to partially premixed mode. The first liquid fuel is acetone, preferred for its ability to vaporize quickly. It is modeled by a detailed reaction mechanism including 84 species and 409 elementary reactions. The ethanol as second fuel is widely used as alternative fuel. It is modeled by a detailed reaction mechanism consisting of 56 species and 351 reversible reactions. To reduce the computational costs, the combustion is described by means of a detailed tabulated chemistry approach according to the Flamelet Generated Manifold (FGM) strategy. The occurring flow and combustion properties are numerically analyzed and compared with experimental data for both fuels under different mass loading conditions. The impact of fuel and mass loading on turbulent spray combustion is evaluated in terms of flame structure, exhaust gas temperature, droplet velocities and diameters, droplet velocity fluctuations, and spray volume flux at different distances from the exit planes.


LES Partially Premixed Combustion Spray FGM Euler-Lagrange Fuel effect Mass loading impact. 



The financial support by the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG) is highly recognized.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Amsini Sadiki
    • 1
    Email author
  • Mouldi Chrigui
    • 1
    • 2
  • Fernando Sacomano
    • 1
  • Assaad R. Masri
    • 3
  1. 1.Institute for Energy and Power plant Technology, Department of Mechanical EngineeringTU DarmstadtDarmstadtGermany
  2. 2.Research Unit Materials, Energy and Renewable EnergiesUniversity of GafsaGafsaTunisia
  3. 3.School of Aerospace, Mechanical and Mechatronic EngineeringThe University of SydneySydneyAustralia

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