STRATI 2013 pp 447-451 | Cite as

Progress of the Permian Timescale

  • Shu-zhong ShenEmail author
  • Charles M. Henderson
Conference paper
Part of the Springer Geology book series (SPRINGERGEOL)


The Permian Period ranged from 298.9 to 252.2 Ma based on the latest radiometric ages in the southern Urals and southern China, and comprises three series and nine stages. Among the three undefined global stratotype sections and points (GSSPs), a vote for the Kungurian-base GSSP candidate is ongoing and proposals for the Sakmarian-base and Artinskian-base GSSPs are expected to be completed within 1 year. The Permian timescale has recently been greatly improved in resolution.


Permian GSSP Timescale Correlation Biostratigraphy Chemostratigraphy 


  1. Chernykh, V. V., Chuvashov, B. I., Davydov, V. I., & Schmitz, M. D. (2012). Mechetlino section: a candidate for the global stratotype and point (GSSP) of the kungurian stage (cisuralian, lower permian). Permophiles,56, 21–34.Google Scholar
  2. Chuvashov, B. I. et al. (2002) Proposal for the base of the Sakmarian Stage: GSSP in the Kondurovsky Section, southern Urals, Russia. Permophiles 41, 4–13.Google Scholar
  3. Davydov, V. I. et al. (1998). Proposal of Aidaralash as Global Stratotype Section and Point (GSSP) for base of the Permian System. Episodes 21, 11–18.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Glenister, B. F. et al. (1999). Proposal of guadalupian and component roadian, wordian and capitanian stages as international standards for the middle permian. Permophiles34, 3–11.Google Scholar
  5. Henderson, C. M., Davydov, V. I., & Wardlaw, B. R. (2012). The Permian Period. In F. M. Gradstein, J. G. Ogg, M. D. Schmitz, & G. M. Ogg (Eds.), The geological time scale 2012 (Vol. 2, pp. 653–680). Amsterdam: Elsevier.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Henderson, C. M. et al. (2012b). Proposal for base-kungurian GSSP. Permophiles, 56, 8–21.Google Scholar
  7. Jin, Y. G., Shen, S. Z., Henderson, C. M., Wang, X. D., Wang, W., Wang, Y., et al. (2006a). The global stratotype section and point (GSSP) for the boundary between the capitanian and wuchiapingian stage (Permian). Episodes,29, 253–262.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Jin, Y. G., Wang, Y., Henderson, C. M., Wardlaw, B. R., Shen, S. Z., & Cao, C. Q. (2006b). The Global boundary stratotype section and point (GSSP) for the base of changhsingian stage (Upper Permian). Episodes,29, 175–182.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Lucas, S. G. (2006). Global permian tetrapod biostratigraphy and biochronology. In S. G. Lucas, G. Cassinis & J. W. Schneider (Eds.), Non-marine Permian biostratigraphy and biochronology (vol. 265, pp. 65–93).The Geological Society of London: Special Publications.Google Scholar
  10. Schmitz, M. D., & Davydov, V. I. (2012). Quantitative radiometric and biostratigraphic calibration of the pennsylvanian-early permian (cisuralian) time scale and pan-euramerican chronostratigraphic correlation. Geological Society of America Bulletin,124, 549–577.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Shen, S. Z. et al. (2011). Calibrating the end-Permian mass extinction. Science,334, 1367–1372.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Shen, S. Z. et al. (2010). High-resolution Lopingian (Late Permian) timescale of South China. Geological Journal, 45, 122–134.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Shen, S. Z., Schneider, J. W., Angiolini, L., & Henderson, C. M. (2013). The international permian timescale: March 2013 update. In press. In S. G. Lucas (Ed.), The CarboniferousPermian Transition. New Mexico Museum of Natural History and Science, Bulletin, pp. 60. USA: New Mexico.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of Palaeobiology and StratigraphyNanjing Institute of Geology and PalaeontologyNanjingChina
  2. 2.Department of GeoscienceUniversity of CalgaryCalgaryCanada

Personalised recommendations