We conducted a stratigraphic analysis of the South Polar Layered Deposits (SPLDs) in Promethei Lingula (PL, Mars) based on the identification of regional unconformities at visible and radar wavelengths. According to the terrestrial classification, this approach constrains the stratigraphy of the region and remedies the ambiguous interpretation of stratigraphy through marker layers, bypassing the problem related to the morphologic and radiometric appearance of the layers. Thus, the approach does not exclude diverse classifications, but complements them, whereas other discriminant elements are doubtful or difficult/impossible to be defined. Using this approach, we defined two stratigraphic units (or synthems: PL1 and PL2) in PL, which are morphologically different and divided by a regional unconformity (AuR1). This stratigraphic architecture implies that the geological history of PL has been conditioned by periodic changes in climate, which in turn are related to orbital variations of Mars.
Milkovich, S. M., & Plaut, J. J. (2008). Martian south polar layered deposit stratigraphy and implications for accumulation history. Journal Geophysical Research,113, 6007. doi:10.1029/2007JE002987.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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