Advertisement

STRATI 2013 pp 75-78 | Cite as

A Revised Palaeocene (Teurian) Dinoflagellate Cyst Zonation from Eastern New Zealand

  • Erica M. CrouchEmail author
  • Pi Suhr Willumsen
  • Denise Kulhanek
  • Samantha Gibbs
Conference paper
Part of the Springer Geology book series (SPRINGERGEOL)

Abstract

Organic-walled dinoflagellate cyst (dinocyst) assemblages are documented from Palaeocene (New Zealand Teurian Stage) sediments in five sections from eastern New Zealand: Tawanui, Angora Road, and Toi Flat-1 core in the East Coast Basin, the mid-Waipara River in the Canterbury Basin, and ODP Site 1121 on the eastern margin of Campbell Plateau. Based on dinocyst results from these sections, along with published earliest Palaeocene records from the East Coast, Canterbury, and Great South basins, a revised Palaeocene dinocyst zonation is proposed. The interval zones are labelled as New Zealand Dinocyst Palaeocene (NZDP), and the eight zones, NZDP1–NZDP8, encompass the entire Palaeocene extending from 66.04 to 55.96 Ma. Correlation of the NZDP zones with the International and New Zealand time scales is provided, and is based primarily on correlation with calcareous nannofossil biostratigraphy.

Keywords

Dinoflagellate cyst Palaeocene Teurian New Zealand Zonation 

References

  1. Ballance, P. F. (1993). The paleo-Pacific, post-subduction, passive margin thermal relaxation sequence (Late Cretaceous–Paleogene) of the drifting New Zealand continent. In P. F. Ballance (Ed.), South Pacific sedimentary basins of the world 2 (pp. 93–110). Amsterdam: Elsevier Science Publishers.Google Scholar
  2. Bijl, P. K. (2011). Environmental and climatological evolution of the early Paleogene Southern Ocean. PhD Thesis, Utrecht University, (published LPP contribution series ( Vol. 34, p. 213), ISBN 978-90-39356548).Google Scholar
  3. Crouch, E. M. (2001). Environmental change at the time of the PaleoceneEocene biotic turnover. PhD thesis, Utrecht University, (published LPP contribution series (Vol. 14, p. 216), ISBN 90-393-2828-5).Google Scholar
  4. Crouch, E. M., & Brinkhuis, H. (2005). Environmental change across the Paleocene-Eocene transition from the eastern margin of New Zealand: A marine palynological approach. Marine Micropaleontology,56, 138–160.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Crouch, E. M., Willumsen, P. S., Kulhanek, D,. & Gibbs, S. (2014). A revised Paleocene (Teurian) dinoflagellate cyst zonation from eastern New Zealand. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 202, 47–79. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.revpalbo.2013.12.004
  6. Ferrow, E., Vajda, V., Koch, C. B., Peucker-Ehrenbrink, B., & Willumsen, P. S. (2011). Multiproxy analysis of a new terrestrial and a marine Cretaceous-Paleogene (K–Pg) boundary site from New Zealand. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta,75, 657–672.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Gradstein, F. M., Ogg, J., Schmitz, M., & Ogg, G. (2012). The Geologic Time Scale 2012. Amsterdam: Elsevier BV.Google Scholar
  8. Heilmann-Clausen, C. (1985). Dinoflagellate stratigraphy of the upper-most Danian to Ypresian in the Viborg-1 borehole, central Jylland, Denmark. Danmarks Geologiske Undersøgelse Serie,A7, 1–69.Google Scholar
  9. Hollis, C. J., Handley, L., Crouch, E. M., Morgans, H. E. G., BakerJ, Creech J., Collins, K. S., et al. (2009). Tropical sea temperatures in the high-latitude South Pacific. Geology,37, 99–102.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Hornibrook, N. De B., Brazier , R. C,. & Strong, C. P. (1989). Manual of New Zealand Permian to Pleistocene foraminiferal biostratigraphy. New Zealand Geological Survey Paleontological Bulletin 56, 175 p.Google Scholar
  11. Morgans, H. E. G., Beu, A. G., Cooper, R. A., Crouch, E. M., Hollis, C. J., Jones, C. M., Raine, J. I., Strong, C. P., Wilson, G. J. &and, Wilson, G. S. (2004). Chapter 11, Paleogene (Dannevirke, Arnold and Landon Series). In Cooper, R.A. (Ed.), The New Zealand Geological Timescale. Institute of Geological and Nuclear Sciences Monograph, New Zeland, 22, 125–163.Google Scholar
  12. Mudge, D. C., & Bujak, J. P. (1996). Paleocene biostratigraphy and sequence stratigraphy of the UK central North Sea. Marine and Petroleum Geology,11, 166–181.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Partridge, A. D. (2004). Late Cretaceous-Cenozoic palynology zonations. Gippsland Basin: Geosciences Australia publication. ISBN 1-921236051-chart 4 of 4.Google Scholar
  14. Schiøler, P., Rogers, K., Sykes, R., Hollis, C. J., Ilg, B., Meadows, D., et al. (2010). Palynofacies, organic geochemistry and depositional environment of the Tartan Formation (Late Paleocene), a potential source rock in the Great South Basin, New Zealand. Marine and Petroleum Geology,27, 351–369.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Willumsen, P. S. (2003). Marine palynology across the CretaceousTertiary boundary in New Zealand. PhD Thesis, Victoria University of Wellington, New Zealand (online) (p. 387).Google Scholar
  16. Willumsen, P. S. (2004). Two new species of the dinoflagellate cyst genus Carpatella Grigorovich 1969 from the Cretaceous-Tertiary transition in New Zealand. Journal of Micropalaeontology,23, 119–125.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Willumsen, P. S. (2006). Palynodinium minus sp. nov., a new dinoflagellate cyst from the Cretaceous-Paleogene transition in New Zealand; its significance and palaeoecology. Cretaceous Research,27, 954–963.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Willumsen, P. S. (2011). Maastrichtian to Paleocene dinocysts from the Clarence Valley, South Island, New Zealand. Alcheringa,35, 199–240.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Willumsen, P. S. (2012). Three new species of dinoflagellate cyst from the Cretaceous-Paleogene sections at mid-Waipara River and Farifield Quarry, South Island, New Zealand. Palynology,36, 48–62.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Willumsen, P. S., & Vajda, V. (2010). A new early Paleocene dinoflagellate cyst species, Trithyrodinium partridgei: Its biogeographic significance and palaeoecology. Alcheringa,34, 523–538.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Wilson, G. J. (1984). New Zealand Late Jurassic to Eocene dinoflagellate biostratigraphy—A summary. Newsletters on Stratigraphy,13, 104–117.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Wilson, G. J. (1987). Dinoflagellate biostratigraphy of the Cretaceous-Tertiary boundary, mid-Waipara River section, North Canterbury. New Zealand Geological Survey Record,20, 8–15.Google Scholar
  23. Wilson, G.. J.. (1988). Paleocene and Eocene dinoflagellate cysts from Waipawa, Hawkes Bay, New Zealand. New Zealand Geological Survey Paleontological Bulletin 57. 96 p.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Erica M. Crouch
    • 1
    Email author
  • Pi Suhr Willumsen
    • 2
  • Denise Kulhanek
    • 1
    • 3
  • Samantha Gibbs
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of PalaeontologyGNS ScienceLower HuttNew Zealand
  2. 2.Museum Salling—Fur MuseumFurDenmark
  3. 3.Integrated Ocean Drilling ProgramTexas A&M UniversityCollege StationUSA
  4. 4.School of Ocean and Earth Sciences, National Oceanography CentreUniversity of SouthamptonSouthamptonUK

Personalised recommendations