STRATI 2013 pp 659-663 | Cite as

Correlation of the Middle Jurassic (Callovian) Formations Across the Dead Sea Rift

  • Francis HirschEmail author
  • Howard R. Feldman
  • Fayez Ahmad
  • Mena Schemm-Gregory
  • Mark A. Wilson
Conference paper
Part of the Springer Geology book series (SPRINGERGEOL)


We have correlated the highest of the Middle Jurassic units exposed on both sides of the Dead Sea Rift (DSR) in Jordan, Israel, and adjacent Egypt. Because the scarcity of cosmopolitan ammonites renders correlation of these units within the standard biostratigraphic time scale difficult, we compared the brachiopod and molluscan faunas in order to constrain the ages of Jurassic formations in the Levant. The Callovian Mughanniyya Formation in the Zarqa–Arda area of northwest Jordan, east of the DSR, is compared with the Zohar and Matmor formations of the Negev (Israel) and Gebel Minshera (Sinai, Egypt), west of the DSR, as well as with the Arroussiah Formation of Gebel El-Maghara (northern Sinai, Egypt). The Mughanniyya Formation is correlative with the lowermost part of the Zohar Formation in the Negev, which is coeval with the lowermost part of the Arroussiah Formation in Sinai (Egypt).


Callovian Biostratigraphy Correlation Dead sea rift Molluscs Brachiopods 


  1. Ahmad, F. (1999). Middle Jurassic macroinvertebrates from northwestern Jordan. Beringeria,23, 3–46.Google Scholar
  2. Al Far, D. M. (1966). Geology and coal deposits of Gabal El Maghara (N. Sinai). Egyptian Geological Survey,37, 1–59.Google Scholar
  3. Cariou, E., Bassoullet, J. P., Grossowicz, L., & Hirsch, F. (1997). Le Callovo-Oxfordien du Sud Levant: données biostratigraphiques nouvelles (Ammonites, Foraminifères) endémisme et corrélations stratigraphiques. “De la Biostrastigraphie à la Paléobiogéographie”. Société Géologique de France Edit. ISBN 2-85363-078-1, 21.Google Scholar
  4. Enay, R., & Mangold, C. H. (1994). Première zonation par ammonites du Jurassiqued’Arabie séoudite, une référence pour la province arabique. First zonation by ammonites of Saudi Arabian Jurassic, a reference for the Arabian Province. In E Cariou, P Hantzpergue (Eds.), 3rd International Symposium on Jurassic Stratigraphy, GéobiosMémoireSpécial (Vol. 17(2), pp. 161–174).Google Scholar
  5. Enay, R., Le Nindre, Y. M., Mangold, C., Manivit, J., & Vaslet, D. (1987). Le Jurassique d’Arabie saoudite centrale: nouvelles données sur la lithostratigaphie, les paléoenvironnements, les faunes d’ammonites, les ages et les correlations. Géobios Mémoire Spécial,9, 13–65.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Feldman, H. R., Owen, E. F., & Hirsch, F. (1991). Brachiopods from the Jurassic of Gebel El-Maghara, northern Sinai. Novitates American Museum,3006, 1–28.Google Scholar
  7. Feldman, H. R., Owen, E. F., & Hirsch, F. (2001). Brachiopods from the Jurassic (Callovian) of Hamakhtesh Hagadol (Kurnub Anticline), southern Israel. Palaeontology,44, 637–658.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Feldman, H. R., Schemm-Gregory, M., Ahmad, F., & Wilson, M. A. (2012a). Jurassic rhynchonellide brachiopods from the Jordan Valley. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica,57(1), 191–204.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Feldman, H. R., Radulovic, V., Hegab, A. A. A., & Hegab, B. (2012b). Brachiopods from Gebel Engabashi, northern Sinai. Journal of Paleontology,86, 238–252.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Gill, G. A., Thierry, J., & Tintant, H. (1985). Ammonites calloviennes du sud d’Israel: systématique, biostratigraphie et paléogéographie. Géobios,18(6), 705–768.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Gill, G. A., & Tintant, H. (1975). Les Ammonites Calloviennes du sud d’Israel. Stratigraphie et relations paleogéographiques. Société Géologique de France,17(4), 103–106.Google Scholar
  12. Hirsch, F. (1980). Jurassic Bivalves and Gastropods from northern Sinai and southern Israel. Israel Journal of Earth Sciences,28, 128–163.Google Scholar
  13. Hirsch, F., Bassoullet, J.-P., Cariou, E., Conway, B., Feldman, H. R., Grossowicz, L., Honigstein, A., Owen, E. F., & Rosenfeld, A. (1998). The Jurassic of the southern Levant. Biostratigraphy, palaeogeography and cyclic events. In S Crasquin-Soleau, E Barrier (Eds.), Peri-Tethys Memoir 4. Epicratonic Basins of Peri-Tethyan Platforms (Vol. 179, pp. 213–235). France: Mémoires du Muséum National d’Histoire Naturelle.Google Scholar
  14. Lewy, Z. (1982). Gryphaeligmus n. gen. (Bivalvia; Malleidae) from the Bathonian of the Middle East. Journal of Paleontology,56(3), 811–815.Google Scholar
  15. Picard, L., & Hirsch, F. (1987). The Jurassic stratigraphy in Israel and the adjacent countries (p. 106). Jerusalem: The Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities.Google Scholar
  16. Reiner, W. (1968). Callovian Gastropods from Hamakhtesh Hagadol (south Israel). Israel Journal of Earth Sciences,17(1), 171–198.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Francis Hirsch
    • 1
    Email author
  • Howard R. Feldman
    • 2
  • Fayez Ahmad
    • 3
  • Mena Schemm-Gregory
    • 4
  • Mark A. Wilson
    • 5
  1. 1.Naruto University of EducationTokushimaJapan
  2. 2.Division of Paleontology (Invertebrates)American Museum of Natural HistoryNew YorkUSA
  3. 3.Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences, Faculty of Natural Resources and EnvironmentThe Hashemite UniversityZarqaJordan
  4. 4.Centro de GeociênciasUniversidade de CoimbraCoimbraPortugal
  5. 5.Department of GeologyThe College of WoosterWoosterUSA

Personalised recommendations