The Effects of Bioenergy Production on Food Security

  • Thom AchterboschEmail author
  • Heleen Bartelings
  • Siemen van Berkum
  • Hans van Meijl
  • Andrzej Tabeau
  • Geert Woltjer


The purpose of this paper is to deliver a framework and initial application of a model-based assessment of the food security impacts of changes in bioenergy production and relevant policies on food security. In an economic framework, four pathways are established by which biofuel production potentially affects the dimensions of food security: (1) food availability in connection with the competition for arable land; (2) the contribution of biofuel use of feedstock to food price volatility; (3) biofuel markets as a source of income opportunities for farmers; (4) sector-wide contributions to macroeconomic performance and living standards. Computable general equilibrium (CGE) modeling is proposed as methodology for an encompassing empirical examination of these pathways, although the limitations of the tool and data warrant the use of complementary qualitative and quantitative analyses.


Food security Food access Nutrition Food expenditures Biofuels 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Thom Achterbosch
    • 1
    Email author
  • Heleen Bartelings
    • 1
  • Siemen van Berkum
    • 1
  • Hans van Meijl
    • 1
  • Andrzej Tabeau
    • 1
  • Geert Woltjer
    • 1
  1. 1.LEI Wageningen URThe HagueThe Netherlands

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