A Review of Medical Family Therapy: 30 Years of History, Growth, and Research
Medical family therapists are emerging as collaborative care innovators, clinicians, researchers, administrators, policy makers, and educators. This chapter will cover 30 years of scholarly literature on the history, growth, and available research on Medical Family Therapy (MedFT). Ninety-six articles met specific inclusion criteria and were reviewed and categorized into four distinct themes: (a) emergence of MedFT in the literature, (b) contemporary MedFT skills and applications, (c) punctuating the “family therapy” in MedFT, and (d) MedFT effectiveness and efficacy research. The results of this chapter reflect that MedFT is growing so rapidly that there is a need for a universal definition of what MedFT is, effectiveness and efficacy research to advocate for it, as well as core competencies to help determine the behaviors and skills that MedFTs need to be successful when integrating into clinical and research healthcare contexts, qualified training settings, and policy think tanks. Recommendations to advance efforts in MedFT across all foci are offered as a way to move the dialogue forward.
KeywordsChronic Fatigue Syndrome Behavioral Health Family Therapy Family Therapist Healthcare Setting
- Anonymous. (1993). Book reviews—medical family therapy: A biopsychosocial approach to families with health problems. Adolescence, 28, 753. Retrieved from http://www.vjf.cnrs.fr/clt/php/va/Page_revue.php?ValCodeRev=ADO.
- Brucker, P. S., Faulkner, R. A., Baptist, J., Grames, H., Beckham, L. G., Walsh, S., & Willert, A. (2005). The internship training experiences in medical family therapy of doctoral-level marriage and family therapy students. The American Journal of Family Therapy, 33, 131–146. doi: 10.1080/01926180590915518.Google Scholar
- Burge, B. (2005). Feminist perspectives in medical family therapy (book review). Australian and New Zealand Journal of Family Therapy, 26, 175–176. Retrieved from http://www.anzjft.com/pages/index.php.
- Burgess-Manning, J. (2007). Bringing two worlds together: A collaborative interview with JoEllen Patterson. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Family Therapy, 28, 38–43. Retrieved from http://www.anzjft.com/pages/index.php.
- Dankoski, M. E., & Pais, S. (2007). What’s love got to do with it? Couples, illness, and MFT. Journal of Couple and Relationship Therapy, 6, 31–43. Retrieved from http://www.tandfonline.com/loi/wcrt20.
- East Carolina University (ECU). (2013). Doctor of philosophy in medical family therapy. Retrieved from http://www.ecu.edu/che/cdfr/phdmft.html
- Fulton, R. (1996). Medical family therapy: A biopsychosocial approach to families with health problems (book review). Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 40, 108–109. Retrieved from http://www.us.elsevierhealth.com/product.jsp?isbn=00223999.
- Heru, A., & Berman, E. (2008). Family meetings and integrated patient care. Commentary: Medical family therapy in an inpatient setting. Families, Systems, and Health, 26, 181–184. doi:10.1037/1091-75188.8.131.52 DOI:10.1037%2F1091-75184.108.40.206.Google Scholar
- *Hodgson, J., Lamson, A., & Reese, L. (2007). The biopsychosocial-spiritual interview method. In D. Linville, D. Lusterman, & K. Hertlein (Eds.), Therapist notebook for family healthcare (pp. 3–12). New York, NY: Hayworth Press.Google Scholar
- Hodgson, J., Boyd, T., Koehler, A., Lamson, A., & Rambo, A. (2013). Supervision in evolving contexts. In T. Todd & C. Storm (Eds.), The complete systemic supervisor: Context, philosophy, and pragmatics (2nd ed.). Bloomington, IN: iUniverse.Google Scholar
- Kelley, P. (1993). Medical family therapy: A biopsychosocial approach to families with health problems (book review). Contemporary Psychology: APA Review of Books, 38, 1071–1072. Retrieved from http://www.apa.org/pubs/journals/cnt/index.aspx.
- Lask, B. (1994). The illness network. Journal of Family Therapy, 16, 47–51. Retrieved from http://www.wiley.com/bw/journal.asp?ref=0163-4445.
- *Marlowe, D. (2011). Bridging conversations: Discussing the intra-professional relationship between medical family therapy and family therapy. Journal of Family Therapy, 16, 1–20.Google Scholar
- McDaniel, S. H., Doherty, W. J., & Hepworth, J. (2013). Medical family therapy and integrated care (2nd ed.). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.Google Scholar
- *McDaniel, S. H., Hepworth, J., & Doherty, W. J. (Eds.). (1992b). Medical family therapy: A biopsychosocial approach to families with health problems. New York, NY: Basic Books.Google Scholar
- Pereira, M. G., & Smith, T. E. (2006). Evolution of the biopsychosocial model in the practice of family therapy. International Journal of Clinical and Health Psychology, 6, 455–467. Retrieved from http://www.aepc.es/ijchp/index.php?coid=English.
- Prouty Lyness, A. M. (2003). Preface: Perspectives in medical family therapy. Journal of Feminist Family Therapy, 15, xvii. Retrieved from http://www.tandfonline.com/loi/wfft20.
- Ruddy, N. B., & McDaniel, S. H. (2003). Medical family therapy. In T. Sexton, G. Weeks, & M. S. Robbins (Eds.), Handbook of family therapy: The science and practice of working with families and couples (pp. 418–436). New York, NY: Bruner-Rutledge.Google Scholar
- Ruddy, N. (with Farley, T., Nymberg, J., & Hayden, K.) (1994). Multiple personality disorder in primary care: A collaboration. Family Systems Medicine, 12, 327–338. doi: 10.1037/h0089056.
- Szyndler, J. E., Towns, S., Hoffman, R. C., & Bennett, D. L. (2003). Clinical assessment, management and outcomes of a group of adolescents presenting with complex medico-psychosocial conditions. Annals of the Academy of Medicine Singapore, 32, 51–57. Retrieved from http://www.annals.edu.sg/.
- Tyndall, L., Hodgson, J., Lamson, A., Knight, S., & White, M. (2010). Medical family therapy: Conceptual clarification and consensus for an emerging profession (Doctoral dissertation). Retrieved from http://thescholarship.ecu.edu/handle/10342/2794
- University of Nebraska-Lincoln (UNL). (2013). Medical family therapy – PhD program. Retrieved from http://cehs.unl.edu/cyaf/grad/mftPhD.shtml
- University of Rochester Medical Center (URMC). (2013). 20th Annual medical family therapy intensive. Retrieved from http://www.urmc.rochester.edu/psychiatry/institute-for-the-family/family-therapy/mfti.cfm
- Wissow, L. S., Hutton, N., & Kass, N. (2002). Preliminary study of a values-history advance directive interview in a pediatric HIV clinic. AIDS and Public Policy Journal, 17, 17–28. Retrieved from http://www.upgbooks.com/appj/.
- Yeager, B., Auyang, M., Brown, D. L., Dickinson, P., Goldstein, J. A., Jaffe, N.,…, & Workman, G. (1999). MFT student training in medical family therapy: A collaborative hospital project with radiation oncology. Families, Systems, and Health, 17, 427–436. doi: 10.1037/h0089894.