Analysis of the Impact of Increasing Shares of Electric Vehicles on the Integration of RES Generation

  • Andres RamosEmail author
  • Kristin Dietrich
  • Fernando Banez-Chicharro
  • Luis Olmos
  • Jesus M. Latorre
Part of the Green Energy and Technology book series (GREEN)


This chapter analyzes the medium-term operation of a power system in several future scenarios that differ in the level of penetration of electric vehicles (EVs) and how renewable energy sources (RES) can be safely integrated in the former. The analysis is performed for different vehicle charging strategies (namely dumb, multi-tariff, and smart). The analysis is based on results produced by an operation model of the electric power system where the charging of EVs is being considered. Vehicles are regarded as additional loads whose features depend on the mobility pattern. The operation model employed is a combination of an optimization-based planning problem used to determine the optimal day-ahead system operation and a Monte Carlo simulation to consider the stochastic events that may happen after the planning step. The Spanish electric system deemed to exist in 2020 is used as the base-case study for conducting the numerical analyses. Relationships among the share of EVs (relative to the overall number of vehicles), the amount of RES generation integrated, and relevant system performance indicators, such as operation cost, reliability measures, and RES curtailment, are derived in the case study section.


Electric vehicles Medium-term operation planning Operating reserves Renewable energy sources Wind Photovoltaic 



This research has been partially funded by the Spanish CENIT-VERDE ( and European MERGE ( projects.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Andres Ramos
    • 1
    Email author
  • Kristin Dietrich
    • 1
  • Fernando Banez-Chicharro
    • 1
  • Luis Olmos
    • 1
  • Jesus M. Latorre
    • 1
  1. 1.Instituto de Investigación TecnológicaUniversidad Pontificia ComillasMadridSpain

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