The Internet of Things to Support Urban Incident Responses
Although the technological components required to implement Internet of Things (IoT) inspired solutions are already available, in most application scenarios it is not clear how to structure and combine them to reach a certain global behavior of a system. This paper proposes an architecture that helps design IoT-based systems that support the first responses during medium-size or large urban incidents. The main components of this architecture are characterized and the interactions between them are also specified. The usefulness of the proposed architecture is illustrated through its hypothetical use in a real urban emergency. The use of this proposal could be extended to other application areas such as security operatives and monitoring of patients at home.
KeywordsInternet of things human-based wireless sensor networks emergency response urban emergencies ambient intelligence information sharing
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- 2.Braunstein, B., Trimble, T., Mishra, R., Manoj, B., Lenert, L., Rao, R.: Challenges in Using Distributed Wireless Mesh Networks in Emergency Response. In: Proc. of ISCRAM 2006, NJ, USA, May 13-17 (2006)Google Scholar
- 3.Evanco, W.: The impact of rapid incident detection on freeway accident fatalities. Technical Report, Center for Information Systems, McLean,Virginia, USA (1996)Google Scholar
- 5.Government of the Buenos Aires city. Official Report of the Train Accident in Sarmiento Line, http://buenosaires.gob.ar/2012-02-22-accidente-tren-sarmiento (last visit: September 15, 2013) (in Spanish)
- 6.IoT European Research Cluster. Internet of Things Strategic Research Roadmap. Cluster SRA (2011)Google Scholar
- 7.Lilien, L., Kamal, Z., Bhuse, V., Gupta, A.: Opportunistic networks: the concept and research challenges in privacy and security. In: Proc. of the Int. Workshop on Research Challenges in Security and Privacy for Mobile and Wireless Networks, Miami, USA (2006)Google Scholar
- 9.Martin-Campillo, A., Martí, R., Yoneki, E., Crowcroft, J.: Electronic triage tag and opportunistic networks in disasters. In: Proc. of the Special Workshop on Internet and Disasters, pp. 6:1–6:10. ACM Press, New York (2011)Google Scholar
- 12.Monares, A., Ochoa, S.F., Pino, J.A., Herskovic, V.: Improving the Initial Response Process in Urban Emergencies. In: Proc. of the IEEE CSCWD 2012, Wuhan, China, May 23-25 (2012)Google Scholar
- 13.Ochoa, S.F., Santos, R.: Human-centric Wireless Sensor Networks to Improve Information Availability During Urban Search and Rescue Activities. Inf. Fusion (in Press) (to appear)Google Scholar
- 14.Ozbay, K., Xiao, W., Jaiswal, G., Bartin, B., Kachroo, P., Baykal-Gursoy, M.: Evaluation of incident management strategies and technologies using an integrated traffic/incident management simulation. World Rev. of Int. Transp. Research 2(2/3), 155–186 (2009)Google Scholar
- 15.Panitzek, K., Schweizer, I., Bönning, T., Seipel, G., Mühlhäuser, M.: First responder communication in urban environments. Int. J. Mob. Netw. Des. Innov. 4(2), 109–118 (2012)Google Scholar
- 17.Yang, L., Yang, S., Plotnick, L.: How the internet of things technology enhances emergency response operations. Technol. Forecasting and Social Change (August 2012)Google Scholar
- 18.Zhang, J., Qi, A.: The application of Internet of things (IoT) in emergency management system in China. In: Proc. of the IEEE Conf. on Technol. for Homeland Security, November 8-10, pp. 139–142 (2010)Google Scholar