Advertisement

Evoking Emotions and Evaluating Emotional Impact

  • Robert SchleicherEmail author
  • Jan-Niklas Antons
Chapter
Part of the T-Labs Series in Telecommunication Services book series (TLABS)

Abstract

This chapter gives an overview for Quality of Experience (QoE) practitioners on common setups in emotion research using audio (sounds), visual (pictures) and audiovisual (video clips) stimulus material to induce emotions. After presenting available databases for the different modalities, methods for subsequent as well as continuous self-assessment are discussed. Next to self-assessment, analysis of accompanying physiological changes is a common means to evaluate emotional responses. Here, typical measures of peripheral physiology are summarized. Finally, practical advices for including material with emotional content and recording physiological signals in experiments on audiovisual quality are given, and future research directions are outlined.

Keywords

Emotional Stimulus Emotional Content Mean Opinion Score Emotional Impact Film Clip 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. 1.
    Wundt W (1911) Grundzüge der physiologischen Psychologie, 3. Band, 6. umgearb. Leipzig, Engelmann.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Lang PJ, Bradley MM (2010) Emotion and the motivational brain. Biol Psychol 84(3):437–450CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Lang PJ, Bradley MM, Cuthbert BN (2005) International affective picture system (IAPS): affective ratings of pictures and instruction manual. Technical report A-6, University of Florida, Gainesville.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Partala T, Surakka V, Vanhala T (2005), Person-independent estimation of emotional experiences from facial expressions. In: Proceedings of the 10th international conference on intelligent user, interfaces, pp 246–248.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Schönfelder S, Kanske P, Heissler J, Wessa M (2010)  EmoPicS—Multimodale Evaluation neuen Bildmaterials zur neurophysiologischen Emotionsforschung, 36. Tagung Psychologie und Gehirn.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Bradley MM, Lang PJ (2007) The international affective digitized sounds (IADS-2): affective ratings of sounds and instruction manual, 2nd edn. University of Florida, GainesvilleGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Seebode J, Schleicher R, Möller S (2012) Affective quality of audio feedback in different contexts. In: Proceedings of 11th international conference on mobile and ubiquitous multimedia (MUM 2012), 0–3.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Juslin PN, Sloboda JA (2010) Handbook of music and emotion. Oxford University Press, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Schuller B, Zhang Z, Weninger F, Rigoll G (2011) Selecting training data for cross-corpus speech emotion recognition? Prototypicality vs generalization. In: Proceedings of Afeka-AVIOS speech processing conference.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Kreibig SD (2010) Autonomic nervous system activity in emotion: a review. Biol Psychol 84(3):394–421CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Lazarus RS (2006) Stress and emotion: a new synthesis. Springer, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Schaefer A, Nils F, Sanchez X, Philippot P (2010) Assessing the effectiveness of a large database of emotion-eliciting films: a new tool for emotion researchers. Cogn Emot 24(7):1153–1172CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Rottenberg J, Ray RR, Gross JJ (2007) Emotion elicitation using films. In: Coan JA, Allen JJB (eds) The handbook of emotion elicitation and assessment. Oxford University Press, New York, pp 9–28Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Gross JJ, Levenson RW (1995) Emotion elicitation using films. Cogn Emot 9(1):87–108CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Hagemann D, Naumann E, Maier S, Becker G, Lürken A, Bartussek D (1999) The assessment of affective reactivity using films: validity reliability and sex differences. Pers Individ Differ 26:627–639CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Hewig J, Hagemann D, Seifert J, Gollwitzer M, Naumann E, Bartussek D (2005) A revised film set for the induction of basic emotions. Cogn Emot 19(7):1095–1109CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Schleicher R, Galley L (2009) Continuous rating and psychophysiological monitoring of experienced affect while watching emotional film clips. Psychophysiology 46(1):51Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Panksepp J (1998) Affective neuroscience. Oxford University Press, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Bradley MM, Lang PJ (1994) Measuring emotion: the self-assessment manikin and the semantic differential. J Behav Ther Exp Psychiatry 25(1):49–59CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Watson D, Clark LA, Tellegen A (1988) Development and validation of brief measures of positive and negative affect: the PANAS scales. J Pers Soc Psychol 54(6):1063–1070CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Yik MS, Russell JA, Barrett LF (1999) Structure of self-reported current affect–integration and beyond. J Pers Soc Psychol 77(3):600–619CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Izard CE, Dougherty FF, Bloxom BM, Kotsch NE (1974) The differential emotion scale: a method of measuring the meaning of subjective experience of discrete emotions. Nashville.Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Desmet P (2004) Measuring emotion: development and application of an instrument to measure emotional responses to products. In: Blythe MA, Overbeeke K, Monk AF, Wright PC (eds) Funology. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, From usability to enjoyment, pp 111–124Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Gros L, Chateau N (2001) Instantaneous and overall judgements for time varying speech quality: assessments and relationships. Acustica 87:367–377Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Schubert E (2004) Modeling perceived emotion with continuous musical features. Music Percept 21(4):561–585CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Nagel F, Grewe O, Kopiez R, Altenmüller E (2007) EMuJoy–software for continuous measurement of perceived emotions in music: basic aspects of data recording and interface features. Behav Res Methods 39:283–290CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Mauss IB, Levenson RW, McCarter L, Wilhelm FH, Gross JJ (2005) The tie that binds? Coherence among emotion experience, behavior, and physiology. Emotion 5(2):175–190CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Hutcherson CA, Goldin PR, Ochsner KN, Gabrieli JD, Barrett LF, Gross JJ (2005) Attention and emotion: does rating emotion alter neural responses to amusing and sad films? Neuroimage 27(3):656–668CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Bradley MM, Lang PJ (2000) Measuring emotion: behavior, feeling and physiology. In: Lane RD, Nadel L (eds) Cognitive neuroscience of emotion. Oxford University Press, Oxford, pp 242–276Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    Kreibig SD, Wilhelm FH, Roth WT, Gross JJ (2007) Psychophysiology Cardiovasc. Electrodermal and respiratory response patterns to fear-and sadness-inducing films 44(5):787–806Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    Mauss IB, Robinson MD (2009) Measures of emotion. A review. Cogn Emot 23(2):209–237CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Schleicher R (2009) Emotionen und Peripherphysiologie. Pabst Science Publishers, LengerichGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Ekman P (2003) Emotions revealed. Henry Holt and Company, New YorkGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Quality and Usability LabTelekom Innovation Laboratories, TU BerlinBerlinGermany

Personalised recommendations