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Ferromagnetic Models for Cooperative Behavior: Revisiting Universality in Complex Phenomena

  • Elena Agliari
  • Adriano Barra
  • Andrea Galluzzi
  • Andrea Pizzoferrato
  • Daniele Tantari
Part of the Springer INdAM Series book series (SINDAMS, volume 6)

Abstract

Ferromagnetic models are harmonic oscillators in statistical mechanics. Beyond their original scope in tackling phase transition and symmetry breaking in theoretical physics, they are nowadays experiencing a renewal applicative interest as they capture the main features of disparate complex phenomena, whose quantitative investigation in the past were forbidden due to data lacking. After a streamlined introduction to these models, suitably embedded on random graphs, aim of the present paper is to show their importance in a plethora of widespread research fields, so to highlight the unifying framework reached by using statistical mechanics as a tool for their investigation. Specifically we will deal with examples stemmed from sociology, chemistry, cybernetics (electronics) and biology (immunology).

Keywords

Partition Function Statistical Mechanic Random Graph Operational Amplifier Ferromagnetic Behavior 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Elena Agliari
    • 1
  • Adriano Barra
    • 2
  • Andrea Galluzzi
    • 3
  • Andrea Pizzoferrato
    • 2
  • Daniele Tantari
    • 3
  1. 1.Dipartimento di FisicaUniversità di ParmaParmaItaly
  2. 2.Dipartimento di FisicaSapienza Università di RomaRomaItaly
  3. 3.Dipartimento di MatematicaSapienza Università di RomaRomaItaly

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