An Evacuation Validation Data Set for Large Passenger Ships

  • Edwin Richard Galea
  • Steven Deere
  • Robert Brown
  • Lazaros Filippidis
Conference paper


An evacuation model data set collected as part of the EU FP7 project SAFEGUARD is presented. The data was collected from a RO-PAX ferry operated by ColorLine AS called SuperSpeed 1 during a semi-unannounced assembly at sea involving 1,349 passengers. The trial took place at an unspecified time however, passengers were aware that on their voyage an assembly exercise would take place. The validation data set consists of passenger; response times, starting locations, routes taken and arrival times in the assembly stations. The validation data was collected using a novel data acquisition system consisting of ship-mounted beacons, each emitting unique Infra-Red (IR) signals and data logging tags worn by each passenger. The results from blind simulations using maritimeEXODUS for this assembly exercise are presented and compared with the measured data. Three objective measures are proposed to assess the goodness of fit between the predicted model data and the measured data.


Experiment Ship evacuation Ship evacuation model Validation 



Project SAFEGUARD (contract 218493) is funded under the European Union Framework 7 Transport initiative. The authors acknowledge the co-operation of their project partners. This paper was completed 100 years, almost to the day, after the sinking of the Titanic with the loss of over 1,500 lives and 100 days following the grounding of the Costa Concordia with the loss of 32 lives. We dedicate this paper to all those who have lost their lives at sea in the 100 years between these two tragic accidents and hope that this work will contribute to improving safety at sea.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Edwin Richard Galea
    • 1
  • Steven Deere
    • 1
  • Robert Brown
    • 1
    • 2
  • Lazaros Filippidis
    • 1
  1. 1.Fire Safety Engineering GroupUniversity of GreenwichLondonUK
  2. 2.Offshore Safety & Survival Centre, Fisheries and Marine InstituteMemorial UniversitySt. John’sCanada

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