Which Learning Theories?
The ultimate focus of all educational design endeavours is student learning; however, as documented in the previous chapters, there are quite different perspectives in practice which can impact on the dynamic of learning and teaching. The key factors underlying those differences relate to epistemology (how we view knowledge), learning (how we transform information into knowledge) and process (the journey we undergo to achieve learning and the people and practices with whom we interact). This chapter provides an overview of the first two factors, epistemology and theories of learning, to introduce the philosophies and theories that underpin Design Alchemy. How we learn has been the subject of research and debate for centuries, and each theory has its own extensive research base; the purpose of this chapter is to identify, rather than analyse, those theories which have particular relevance to Design Alchemy. The identification of these theories and models provides a basis for a pedagogy to inform design and in doing so addresses the question guiding this chapter: which learning theories?
KeywordsSocial Learning Individual Learner Situate Cognition Instructional Sequence Educational Design
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