Effects of Addictive Substances During Pregnancy and Infancy and Their Analysis in Biological Materials

  • Justyna Płotka
  • Sylwia Narkowicz
  • Żaneta Polkowska
  • Marek Biziuk
  • Jacek Namieśnik
Part of the Reviews of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology book series (RECT, volume 227)


Addictive substance use is most prevalent in people who are of reproductive-age. In a national prevalence survey performed among pregnant women aged 15–44 years, 10.8 % reported using alcohol, 17 % reported smoking during pregnancy, and 4.4 % reported abusing one or more illicit substances (Fig. 1) (SAMHSA 2011). Substance abuse for a pregnant woman is twice as dangerous as for others, because:


Pregnant Woman Illicit Drug Amniotic Fluid Drug Exposure Nicotine Replacement Therapy 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



Justyna Płotka and Sylwia Narkowicz express their gratitude for financial support received from the Human Capital Programme (POKL.04.01.01-00-368/09).


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Justyna Płotka
    • 1
  • Sylwia Narkowicz
    • 1
  • Żaneta Polkowska
    • 1
  • Marek Biziuk
    • 1
  • Jacek Namieśnik
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Analytical Chemistry, Chemical FacultyGdansk University of Technology (GUT)GdańskPoland

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