Model-Data Synthesis of Monsoon Amplitudes for the Holocene and Eemian

  • Birgit SchneiderEmail author
  • Ralph R. Schneider
  • Yiming Wang
  • Vyacheslav Khon
Part of the SpringerBriefs in Earth System Sciences book series (BRIEFSEARTHSYST)


Monsoon intensity is driven by changes in hemispheric summer insolation. Marine proxy data show distinct glacial-interglacial variability with changes in vegetation and weathering inferred from the terrigenous fraction, e.g., by plant lipid and mineral composition. Unfortunately, no quantitative evidence is available for differences in monsoonal precipitation. A sensitivity study with a vegetation model implies that C4/C3 ratios are influenced by individual changes in precipitation, CO2, and temperature. Therefore, sedimentary δ13C records of land plant lipids are no unambiguous indicator for humidity-driven changes in paleovegetation. A novel indicator of past humidity over continents, the δD signature of leaf waxes, suggests similar conditions for the Indian summer monsoon during the Holocene and Eemian. However, this new proxy requires more detailed regional studies, since climate model simulations clearly show significant differences in monsoon strength between interglacial periods. Accordingly, a more intense hydrological cycle is expected for the Eemian due to an overall warmer climate driven by precessional forcing.


Paleomonsoon Precipitation reconstructions Marine and terrestrial proxy data Climate modeling Coupled atmosphere-ocean hydrological cycle 


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Birgit Schneider
    • 1
    Email author
  • Ralph R. Schneider
    • 1
  • Yiming Wang
    • 1
  • Vyacheslav Khon
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of GeosciencesInstitute of Geosciences, University of KielKielGermany

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