Measuring Methods and Techniques

  • Kolumban HutterEmail author
  • Yongqi Wang
  • Irina P. Chubarenko
Part of the Advances in Geophysical and Environmental Mechanics and Mathematics book series (AGEM)


The chapter aims to demonstrate common measuring methods and techniques used in limnological field practice; in other words, it shows how the instruments are usually applied in real field experiment. The methods have largely been introduced and employed in physical oceanography and have been adopted in physical limnology. Stationary moorings with surface, underwater or depth-distributed buoyancy are described and their response to external forcing is compared. Advantages of on-board measuring methods like towing, profiling and sounding, e.g., with ADCP instruments, are described. The trajectories of free-fall and towed instruments are shown. Drifter-based measurements are considered.


Surface Wave Water Current Lake Station Niskin Bottle Neutral Buoyancy 
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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kolumban Hutter
    • 1
    Email author
  • Yongqi Wang
    • 2
  • Irina P. Chubarenko
    • 3
  1. 1.c/o Laboratory of Hydraulics, Hydrology and Glaciology at ETHZürichSwitzerland
  2. 2.Chair of Fluid Dynamics, Department of Mechanical EngineeringTU DarmstadtDarmstadtGermany
  3. 3.P.P. Shirshov Institute of OceanologyRussian Academy of SciencesKaliningradRussia

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