Injury is a significant public health problem in the USA, causing disability and premature death regardless of race, sex, or economic status and creating a tremendous burden on our national health care system . Injury is the leading cause of both disability and death in American children and young adults and is the fifth-leading cause of death overall in the USA [1, 2]. An estimated 182,479 individuals in the USA died from injuries in 2007 . In 2007, more than 29 million people were treated for injuries in hospital emergency departments in America, and 2.8 million of these injuries were so severe that they required hospitalization . Even though there are many types of injuries that contribute to injury mortality, three of the leading causes of death by injury in the USA are motor vehicle crashes, suicide, and homicide . Mortality due to injuries is presented as age-adjusted rates.
- 1.Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Injury prevention and control. 2012. http://www.cdc.gov/injury/overview/. Accessed May 2012.
- 2.Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. WISQARS leading causes of death reports, 1999–2007. 2010. http://webappa.cdc.gov/sasweb/ncipc/leadcaus10.html. Accessed May 2012.
- 3.National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. Traffic safety facts: highlights of 2009 motor vehicle crashes. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Transportation; 2010.Google Scholar
- 4.Beck L, West B. Vital signs: nonfatal, motor vehicle–occupant injuries (2009) and seat belt use (2008) among adults–United States. MMWR. 2011;59:1681–6.Google Scholar
- 5.Ingram DD, Franco SJ. QuickStats: age-adjusted motor vehicle accident death rates, by sex and type of locality – United States, 2007–2009. MMWR. 2012;61:197.Google Scholar
- 6.Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Injury prevention and control: motor vehicle safety. 2011. http://www.cdc.gov/motorvehiclesafety/index.html. Accessed May 2012.
- 7.Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. WISQARS fatal injury reports, national and regional, 1999–2009. 2010. http://webappa.cdc.gov/sasweb/ncipc/mortrate10_us.html. Accessed May 2012.
- 8.Bergen G, Shults R, Rudd R. Vital signs: alcohol-impaired driving among adults–United States, 2010. MMWR. 2011;60:1351–6.Google Scholar
- 9.World Health Organization. International statistical classification of diseases and related health problems, 10th Revision. France: World Health Organization; 1992.Google Scholar
- 10.Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Injury Center – violence prevention. 2012. http://www.cdc.gov/violenceprevention/. Accessed May 2012.
- 11.Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Injury Prevention and Control. Youth violence: facts at a glance. 2010. http://www.cdc.gov/ViolencePrevention/pdf/YV-DataSheet-a.pdf. Accessed May 2012.
- 12.Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. WISQARS leading causes of death reports, 2007. 2010. http://webappa.cdc.gov/sasweb/ncipc/leadcaus10.html. Accessed May 2012.
- 14.Logan J, Smith S. Homicides – United States, 1999–2007. MMWR. 2011;60:67–70.Google Scholar
- 15.American Association of Suicidology. Suicide in the USA: based on current (2009) statistics. 2012. http://www.suicidology.org/c/document_library/get_file?folderId=262&name=DLFE-532.pdf. Accessed May 2012.
- 16.Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Suicide facts at a glance. 2010. http://www.cdc.gov/ViolencePrevention/pdf/Suicide_DataSheet-a.pdf. Accessed May 2012.
- 17.Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Suicide prevention. 2012. http://www.cdc.gov/ViolencePrevention/suicide/index.html. Accessed May 2012.
Open Access This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Noncommercial License which permits any noncommercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author(s) and source are credited.