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Overview and Perspectives of SHE Research at GSI SHIP

  • Sigurd Hofmann
Part of the FIAS Interdisciplinary Science Series book series (FIAS)

Abstract

Theoretical studies present a quite detailed view of the stability of nuclei in the region of the heaviest elements. Three regions of increased stability exist. Two for deformed nuclei at proton and neutron numbers \(Z = 100\) and \(N = 152\) and at \(Z = 108\) and \(N = 162\). The third region is located at \(Z = 114\), 120 or 126 and \(N = 184\) for spherical nuclei due to closed shells or subshells. Experimentally, the existence of these regions of increased stability is established by synthesis of nuclei in cold fusion reactions using lead or bismuth targets and in hot fusion reactions based on actinide targets. Present experiments are trying to consolidate existing data and to explore the extension of the island of spherical nuclei into the direction of still heavier elements. The present status of experiments at the GSI SHIP is given as well as an outlook on investigations planned for the near future.

Keywords

Compound Nucleus Decay Chain Neutron Number Superheavy Nucleus Shell Effect 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgments

The recent experiment at SHIP on confirmation of data obtained in Dubna in the reaction \(^{48}\)Ca \(+ ^{248}\)Cm and the experiment started to search for element 120 in the reaction \(^{54}\)Cr \(+ ^{248}\)Cm were performed in collaboration with the following laboratories: GSI, Darmstadt, Germany; Goethe-Universität, Frankfurt, Germany; HIM, Mainz, Germany; Comenius University, Bratislava, Slovakia; Johannes Gutenberg-Universität, Mainz, Germany; LLNL, Livermore, USA; University, Jyväskylä, Finland; JAEA, Tokai, Japan; JINR-FLNR, Dubna, Russia. The following people participated in the experiments: S. Heinz, R. Mann, J. Maurer, J. Khuyagbaatar, D. Ackermann, S. Antalic, W. Barth, M. Block, H.G. Burkhard, V.F. Comas, L. Dahl, K. Eberhardt, J. Gostic, R.K. Grzywacz, R.A. Henderson, J.A. Heredia, F.P. Heßberger, J.M. Kenneally, B. Kindler, I. Kojouharov, J.V. Kratz, R. Lang, M. Leino, B. Lommel, K. Miernik, D. Miller, K.J. Moody, G. Münzenberg, S.L. Nelson, K. Nishio, A.G. Popeko, J.B. Roberto, J. Runke, K.P. Rykaczewski, S. Saro, D.A. Shaughnessy, M.A. Stoyer, P. Thörle-Pospiech, K. Tinschert, N. Trautmann, J. Uusitalo, P.A. Wilk, and A.V. Yeremin.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.GSI Helmholtzzentrum für SchwerionenforschungDarmstadtGermany
  2. 2.Fachbereich Physik, Goethe-Universität FrankfurtFrankfurtGermany

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