Funktionsdiagnostik akuter und chronischer Anpassung des Herz-Kreislauf-Systems an körperliche Belastungen

  • Rochus Pokan
  • Peter Hofmann
  • Manfred Wonisch
  • Helmut Hörtnagl
Chapter

Zusammenfassung

Unter einer Trainingsadaptation des Herz-Kreislauf-Systems versteht man eine durch Training bedingte physiologische Anpassung, die letztlich in eine erhöhte Leistungsfähigkeit mündet. Eindeutig belegt sind solche Trainingswirkungen vor allem für das Ausdauertraining bzw. für chronisch dynamische Belastungsformen. Bei anderen motorischen Beanspruchungsformen, wie Krafttraining bzw. statisches Training oder Schnelligkeitstraining, sind nur minimale oder keine Effekte auf das Herz-Kreislauf-System nachweisbar.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Austria 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rochus Pokan
    • 1
  • Peter Hofmann
    • 2
  • Manfred Wonisch
    • 3
  • Helmut Hörtnagl
    • 4
  1. 1.Institut für SportwissenschaftWienÖsterreich
  2. 2.Institute of Sports Science Exercise Physiology, Training & Training Therapy Research GroupUniversity of GrazGrazÖsterreich
  3. 3.Facharzt für Innere Medizin und Kardiologie,Sportwissenschafter FranziskusspitalWienÖsterreich
  4. 4.Institut für Sport- und KreislaufmedizinInnsbruckÖsterreich

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