Halophilic microorganisms from man-made and natural hypersaline environments: Physiology, ecology, and biotechnological potential

  • Madalin Enache
  • Gabriela Popescu
  • Takashi Itoh
  • Masahiro Kamekura


What are hypersaline environments? Geologists or geochemists define saline lakes sensu lato as bodies of water with salinity more than 3 g/l (0.3%), while those sensu stricto (hypersaline) are bodies of water that exceed the modest 35 g/l (3.5%) salt of oceans (Williams 1998). Many microbiologists use the term hypersaline to denote the well-known salt lakes, such as the Dead Sea and the Great Salt Lake or crystallizer ponds of solar salterns, environments almost saturated with salt.


Salt Lake Halophilic Bacterium Great Salt Lake Hypersaline Environment Halophilic Archaea 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag/Wien 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Madalin Enache
    • 1
  • Gabriela Popescu
    • 1
  • Takashi Itoh
    • 2
  • Masahiro Kamekura
    • 3
  1. 1.Institute of Biology of the Romanian AcademyBucharestRomania
  2. 2.Japan Collection of MicroorganismsRIKEN BioResource CenterSaitamaJapan
  3. 3.Halophiles Research InstituteNodaJapan

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