Bacterial adaptation to hot and dry deserts

  • Thierry Heulin
  • Gilles De Luca
  • Mohamed Barakat
  • Arjan de Groot
  • Laurence Blanchard
  • Philippe Ortet
  • Wafa Achouak

Abstract

Prokaryotic microorganisms are known to be highly adaptable to diverse environmental conditions and to thrive in harsh environments. Halophilic microorganisms (Bacteria and Archaea) tolerate and grow in the presence of salt concentrations 10 times higher than seawater, whereas acidophiles withstand a pH of 1, and hyperthermophiles face temperatures above 85°C. Bacteria are able to sense changing environmental parameters such as temperature, pressure, pH, ionic strength, solute concentrations and water availability, and to adapt by protecting biological molecules and adjusting biochemical reactions in response to extreme conditions.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag/Wien 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Thierry Heulin
    • 1
  • Gilles De Luca
    • 1
  • Mohamed Barakat
    • 1
  • Arjan de Groot
    • 1
  • Laurence Blanchard
    • 1
  • Philippe Ortet
    • 1
  • Wafa Achouak
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratory of Microbial Ecology of the Rhizosphere and Extreme Environment (LEMIRE)UMR 6191 CNRS-CEA-Aix-Marseille Univ., Institute of Environmental Biology and Biotechnology (iBEB)St-Paul-lez-DuranceFrance

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