International Cooperation in Space Exploration: Lessons from the Past and Perspectives for the Future
What will be the proper framework for international cooperation in space exploration in the coming decades? This question appears simple but it is in fact extremely complex, and addressing it requires the careful examination of what is meant by the words and expressions used in the sentence. Even the meaning of space exploration is open to discussion: does it refer to the robotic exploration of the physical bodies of the solar system (Moon, planets, asteroids, comets), to the human exploration of those bodies (which will however be limited to the Moon, Mars and possibly some Near-Earthfc Objects (NEOs) in the foreseeable future), or both?
KeywordsInternational Cooperation Space Exploration International Space Station European Space Agency Space Shuttle
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- 394.Rausch, Diane P. “Negotiating International Partnerships at NASA.” Panel Presentation, U.S. Government Space Sector Short Course, George Mason University, 19 Oct. 2006. GMU 9 Dec. 2008. http://www.gmupolicy.net/space/shortcourse/14Rausch%20InternationalPartnershipsNASA.pdf.Google Scholar
- 395.A comprehensive and very general introduction to the European space programmes (both national and multinational) can be found in: Harvey, Brian. Europe’s Space Programme: To Ariane and Beyond. London: Springer, 2003.Google Scholar
- 397.So many books have been published on the history of the USSR and U.S. space programmes that only two will be quoted here. For the U.S. programme, see: Burrows, William E. This New Ocean: The Story of the First Space Age. New York: Random House, 1998; for the Soviet programme, see: Siddiqi, Asif A. Challenge to Apollo: The Soviet Union and the Space Race, 1945–1974. NASA SP-2000-4408. Washington, D.C.: National Aeronautics and Space Administration, 2000.Google Scholar
- 399.U.S. Congress, Office of Technology Assessment. “US.-Russian Cooperation in Space.” OTA-ISS-618. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, April 1995.Google Scholar
- 400.Harland, David M. The Mir Space Station: A Precursor to Space Colonization. Chichester: Wiley, 1997; see also: Harvey, Brian. The New Russian Space Programme: From Competition to Collaboration. Chichester: Wiley, 1996.Google Scholar
- 405.National Aeronautics and Space Administration. “ISS International Facilities and Operations.” NASA 9 Dec. 2008. www1.nasa.gov/pdf/167122main_Facilities.pdf.Google Scholar