Determining the Spatial and Temporal Patterns of Developmental Gene Expression in Vertebrates and Invertebrates Using in situ Hybridization Techniques

  • Ruth D. Gates
  • Thorsten Hadrys
  • Cesar Arenas-Mena
  • David K. Jacobs
Part of the Methods and Tools in Biosciences and Medicine book series (MTBM)


Over the past century, histologists have utilized specific stains and microscopy to resolve cellular components, tissue structure and classes of molecules. In addition, immuno-histochemistry continues to be widely used to localize proteins, a technique that has been employed extensively in comparative studies of both structural proteins and regulatory genes important in development. More recently in situ hybridization protocols have been developed which allow for the precise localization of specific nucleic acid sequences in embryos and tissue sections. The advantage of this approach over antibody studies is that a species-specific probe can be generated from a cloned gene product produced by PCR, RT-PCR or cDNA library screening, a methodology that eliminates both the intermediate step of developing an antibody and the concern regarding cross-species reactivity of the antibody. Thus, in the absence of an effective polyclonal or cross-reactive monoclonal antibody for a protein known to function across the taxa in situ hybridization is more time-and cost-effective.


Acetic Anhydride Hybridization Solution Fume Hood Sheep Serum Developmental Gene Expression 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Basel AG 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ruth D. Gates
  • Thorsten Hadrys
  • Cesar Arenas-Mena
  • David K. Jacobs

There are no affiliations available

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