Let q be a positive integer. In , we proved that the cardinality of the complement of an integral arrangement, after the modulo q reduction, is a quasi-polynomial of q, which we call the characteristic quasi-polynomial. In this paper, we study general properties of the characteristic quasi-polynomial as well as discuss two important examples: the arrangements of reflecting hyperplanes arising from irreducible root systems and the mid-hyperplane arrangements. In the root system case, we present a beautiful formula for the generating function of the characteristic quasi-polynomial which has been essentially obtained by Ch. Athanasiadis  and by A. Blass and B. Sagan . On the other hand, it is hard to find the generating function of the characteristic quasi-polynomial in the mid-hyperplane arrangement case. We determine them when the dimension is less than six.
Mathematics Subject Classification (2000)
32S22 05B35 17B20
Characteristic quasi-polynomial elementary divisor hyperplane arrangement root system mid-hyperplane arrangement