Wellbeing and the Four Qualities of Life
- 31 Downloads
In his seminal The Four Qualities of Life: Ordering Concepts and Measures of the Good Life, Ruut Veenhoven (2000) provides a conceptual matrix that helps organise concepts, theories and measures related to the good life. Then as now, terms like wellbeing, quality of life, happiness, and the good life are used and understood in a variety of ways across and even within academic disciplines. Veenhoven’s (2000) conceptual matrix—Four Qualities of Life—is revisited here in order to assess its suitability for various purposes and to attempt to build on it to better suit the purposes of policy makers and especially western philosophers of wellbeing.
- Bentham, J. (1789). An introduction into the principles of morals and legislation. In The collected works of Jeremy Bentham. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1983.Google Scholar
- Crisp, R. (Ed.). (2014). Aristotle: Nicomachean ethics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
- Crisp, R. (2017). Well-being. In E. N. Zalta (ed.), The Stanford encyclopedia of philosophy (Fall 2017 ed.). Retrieved from https://plato.stanford.edu/archives/fall2017/entries/well-being/.
- Heathwood, C. (2016). Desire-fulfillment theory. In The Routledge handbook of philosophy of well-being (pp. 135–147). London: Routledge.Google Scholar
- Kagan, S. (1998). Normative ethics. Boulder, CO: Westview Press.Google Scholar
- Ludwigs, K., Henning, L., & Arends, L. R. (2019). Measuring happiness—A practical review. In Y. Kee, S. J. Lee, & R. Phillips (Eds.), Perspectives on community well-being (pp. 1–34). New York, NY: Springer.Google Scholar
- Marmot, M., & Wilkinson, R. (Eds.). (2005). Social determinants of health. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
- Mill, J. S. (1861). Utilitarianism. New York, NY: Bobbs-Merrill, 1957.Google Scholar
- Parfit, D. (1984). Reasons and persons. Oxford: OUP.Google Scholar
- Sen, A. (1992). Capability and well-being. In A. Sen & M. Nussbaum (Eds.), The quality of life (pp. 30–53). Oxford: Clarendon Press.Google Scholar
- Weijers, D. (2011). Hedonism. Internet encyclopedia of philosophy. Retrieved from http://www.iep.utm.edu/hedonism/.
- Weijers, D., & Mukherjee, U. (2016). Living standards, wellbeing, and public policy. The New Zealand Treasury. Retrieved from http://www.treasury.govt.nz/government/longterm/fiscalposition/2016/ltfs-16-bg-lswpp.pdf.