Rheological Behaviour of Hybrid Nanofluids: A Review

Part of the Materials Forming, Machining and Tribology book series (MFMT)


A colloidal mixture of two different nanoparticles into conventional fluid (water, oil and metal working fluids etc.) called as hybrid nanofluids. Hybrid nanofluids are considered as the most promising and emerging as heat transfer fluid in cooling applications as compared to the conventional fluid and a well as mono type nanofluids. Mixture of solid particles and fluid is also called as two phase fluids. Mixing of nano meter-sized particles into conventional heat transfer fluid enhance the performance of the newly developed hybrid nanofluid. In last few years, it has taken the researchers attention to work on the mixing of two or more nano-sized particles in conventional heat transfer fluids. Few of the studies shows that hybrid nanofluid perform better as compared to single nanofluids and has the ability to replace the single nanoparticles mixed fluid. However, in the published literature several studies has shown that there are number of parameters such as concentration of nanoparticles, shape, size, temperature, intensity of ultra-sonication, pH, and stability affecting the performance of the nanoparticles mixed cutting fluids. In the present paper, a comprehensive study has been carried out to show the recent development related to the hybrid nanofluids.


Nano/micro cutting fluid Machining Heat transfer 


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.MechatronicsCentre for Advanced Studies, Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam Technical UniversityLucknowIndia
  2. 2.Department of Mechanical EngineeringInstitute of Engineering and Technology, Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam Technical UniversityLucknowIndia
  3. 3.Department of Mechanical EngineeringIndian Institute of Technology (ISM)DhanbadIndia
  4. 4.Department of Mechanical EngineeringSRM Institute of Science and TechnologyKattankulathur, ChennaiIndia

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