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Brain Tumor Segmentation in 3D-MRI Based on Artificial Bee Colony and Level Set

  • Yasmine Mahmoud IbrahimEmail author
  • Saad Darwish
  • Walaa Sheta
Conference paper
  • 188 Downloads
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 1153)

Abstract

Medical imaging technologies developed to satisfy the significant need for information on medical imaging by visualizing internal organs like tumors help the radiologists to extract critical clinical data accurately. Brain tumor segmentation is very needed for a contemporaneous planning system for brain surgery. This paper offers a quick and accurate level set segmentation using a Modified Artificial Bee Colony (ABC) clustering technique to extract the tumor. In ABC, the food source initial position is identified using k-means rather than random initialization. The suggested model calculates the centroids of clusters and utilizes level set segmentation to handle topological changes of contours as the brain tumors vary in their form, structure, and size. Our model consists of an initial, pre-processing step to extract the brain from the head and enhances contrast stretching. Second, two-step ABC is employed to extract tumor edges, which will be used as an initial contour of the Magnetic Resonance Images (MRI) sequence. In the last step, the level set segment is employed to extract the tumor region from all volume slices with a fewer number of iterations. The experimental results using the benchmark BraTs’2017 dataset confirm the accuracy of the suggested model.

Keywords

Artificial Bee Colony (ABC) Clustering Level set segmentation 3D-MRI Initial contour Two-step 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yasmine Mahmoud Ibrahim
    • 1
    Email author
  • Saad Darwish
    • 1
  • Walaa Sheta
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Information Technology, Institute of Graduate Studies and ResearchAlexandria UniversityAlexandriaEgypt
  2. 2.Department of Information TechnologyInformatics Research Institute City of Scientific Research and Technology ApplicationsBorg EL Arab, AlexandriaEgypt

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