Advertisement

A Review on Design and Performance of Improved Biomass Cook Stoves

  • Atsede Tariku WoldesemayateEmail author
  • Samson Mekbib Atnaw
Conference paper
  • 40 Downloads
Part of the Lecture Notes of the Institute for Computer Sciences, Social Informatics and Telecommunications Engineering book series (LNICST, volume 308)

Abstract

Nearly half of the world’s population uses solid fuels for their domes- tic energy needs. Among those who use indoor cooking stoves, the poorest fam ilies living in rural areas most frequently use solid fuels. The use of indoor three stone fire cookers in rural areas of developing countries is known to be detrimental to the health of people. Hence, development of an improved biomass cook stove will be helpful for the betterment of people’s lives especially women. This review presents results of studies carried out on improved biomass cook stoves. Traditional cook stove consumes high amount of resulting in higher health risks to people from higher carbon emissions. In order to avoid this health risk as well as reducing fuel consumption number of researchers in our countries could be design, develop and testing of a new improved cook stove. The discussion on the design of improved cook stoves was presented under different classifications with regarding to Air supply system, Fuel type, Operation, Number of pot and Construction material. In addition, results of experimental investigation done by various authors on the performance of cook stoves in terms of efficiency, burning rate, specific fuel consumption and power output is presented. Upon this parameter some of the researchers compare the traditional biomass cook stove with improved cook stove. From experimental test result the improved cook stoves are high performance than traditional stove.

Keywords

Biomass cook stove Thermoelectric generator cook stove Thermal efficiency 

Notes

Acknowledgement

First and for most, I would like to thank to St. Merry and her son Jesus Christ, who saves me from any kinds of obstacles. Next, I would like to dedicate this work to everyone who helped me directly and indirectly during the course of my review paper. More importantly, I want to thank with utmost gratitude Mr. Tesfaye Wondatir, Mr. Gebre Fenta, Mr. Yibeltal Tilahun and Dr. Samson Mekbib for spending their time to provide me with all the guidance and support to complete my review.

References

  1. 1.
    Nandish, G.: Performance enhancement of cook stove. Int. J. Renew. Energy Environ. Eng. 3, 95–98 (2015)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Samuel, A.A.: Design, construction and testing of an improved wood stove. AU J.T. 13(1), 12–18 (2009)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Joshi, M., Srivastava, R.K.: Development and performance evaluation of an improved three pot cook stove for cooking in rural Uttarakhand, India. Int. J. Adv. Res. 1, 596–602 (2013)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Pavan, H.: Energy efficient wood stove, aloysius Fernandez. Int. J. Eng. Innov. Res. 5(4), 260–263 (2016)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Amiebenomo, S.O.: Fabrication and performance evaluation of an improved biomass cook stove. Int. J. Eng. Res. Technol. (IJERT) 2(3), 1–9 (2013)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Brauer, M., Naeher, M., Lipsett, L.P., Zelikoff, J.T., Simpson, C.D., Koenig, J.Q.: Wood smoke health effects a review. Inhalation Toxicol. 19, 67–106 (2007)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Lopez, A.D., Ezzati, M., Rodgers, A., Vander, H.S., Murray, C.J.: Selected major risk factors and global and regional burden of disease. Lancet 360, 1347–1360 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Duanmu, L., Wang, Z., Yuan, P., Ning, M., Liu, Y.: Experimental study of thermal performance comparison based on the traditional and multifunctional biomass stoves in China. Procedia Eng. 121, 845–853 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Okafor, I.F., Unachukwu, G.O.: Performance evaluation of nozzle type improved wood cook stove. Int. J. Sci. Eng. Res. 4, 1195–1204 (2013)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Dresen, E.: Fuelwood savings and carbon emission reductions by the use of improved cooking stoves in an Afromontane Forest, Ethiopia. Land 3, 1137–1157 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Tolera, M., Gizachew, B.: Adoption and kitchen performance test of improved cook stove in the Bale Eco-Region of Ethiopia. Energy. Sustain. Dev. 45, 186–189 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Prasad, R., Mala, R., Vijayc, V.K., Vermad, A.R.: The design, development and performance evaluation of thermoelectric generator (TEG) integrated forced draft biomass cookstove. Procedia Comput. Sci. 52, 723–729 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Champier, D.: Study of a TE (thermoelectric) generator incorporated in a multifunction wood stove. Energy 36, 1518–1526 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Ram, N.K., Raman, P., Gupta, R.: Development, design and performance analysis of a forced draft clean combustion cookstove powered by a thermo electric generator with multi-utility options. Energy 69, 813–825 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Rathod, A.P., Motghare, K.A.: Performance Evaluation and Heat transfer studies on Biomass Gasifier cook-stove. Int. J. Appl. Innov. Eng. Manag. (IJAIEM) 4(5), 353–361 (2015)Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Panwar, N.L., Rathore, N.S.: Design and performance evaluation of a 5kW producer gas stove. Biomass Bioenerg. 32, 1349–1352 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Parmigiani, S.P., Vitali, F., Lezzi, A.M., Vaccari, M.: Design and performance assessment of a rice husk fueled stove for household cooking in a typical sub-Saharan setting. Energy. Sustain. Dev. 23, 15–24 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Wilson, D.L.: Avoided emissions of a fuel-efficient biomass cookstove dwarf embodied emissions. Dev. Eng. 1, 45–52 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Jain, Tanmay, Sheth, P.N.: Design of energy utilization test for a biomass cook stove: Formulation of an optimum air flow recipe. Energy 166, 1097–1105 (2019)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Paulsen, A.D., Kunsa, T.A., Carpenter, A.L.: Gaseous and particulate emissions from a chimneyless biomass cookstove equipped with a potassium catalyst. Appl. Energy 235, 369–378 (2019)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Amare, D., Endeblhatu, A., Muhabaw, A.: Enhancing biomass energy efficiency in rural households of Ethiopia. J. Energy Nat. Resour. 4(2), 27–33 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Panwar, N.L., Mehetre, S.A., Sharma, D., Kumar, H.: Improved biomass cookstoves for sustainable development a review. Renew. Sustain. Energy Rev. 73, 672–687 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Murali, J., Raman, P., Sakthivadivel, D., Vigneswaran, V.S.: Performance evaluation of three types of forced draft cook stoves using fuel wood and coconut shell. Biomass and Bio Energy 49, 333–340 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Ochieng, C.A., Tonne, C., Vardoulakis, S.: A comparison of fuel use between a low cost, improved wood stove and traditional three-stone stove in rural Kenya. Biomass Bio Energy 58, 258–266 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Ram, N.P., Kaushik, S.C., Jain, S.K.: Transient heat transfer for liquid boiling with a cookstove: a start of art. Chang Village 6(6), 411–421 (1984)Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Rowe, D.M., Nuwayhid, R.Y., Min, G.: Low cost stove-top thermoelectric generator for regions with unreliable electricity supply. Renewable Energy 28, 205–222 (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Vitali, F., Parmigiani, S.: Agricultural waste as household fuel: Techno-economic assessment of a new rice-husk cookstove for developing countries. Waste Manag. 33, 2762–2770 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Still, D.K., et al.: Laboratory experiments regarding the use of filtration and retained heat to reduce particulate matter emissions from biomass cooking. Energy. Sustain. Dev. 42, 129–135 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Singh, V.K., Suresh, R., Malik, J.K., Datta, A., Pal, R.C.: Evaluation of the performance of improved biomass cooking stoves with different solid biomass fuel types. Biomass Bioenergy 95, 27–34 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Li, H., Huangfu, Y., Chen, X., Xue, C., Chen, C., Liu, G.: Effects of moisture content in fuel on thermal performance and emission of biomass semi- gasified cookstove. Energy. Sustain. Dev. 21, 60–65 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Nagarhalli, M., Gandigudea, A.: Simulation of rocket cook-stove geometrical aspect for its performance improvement. Mater. Today 5, 3903–3908 (2018)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© ICST Institute for Computer Sciences, Social Informatics and Telecommunications Engineering 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Atsede Tariku Woldesemayate
    • 1
    Email author
  • Samson Mekbib Atnaw
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Mechanical Engineering, College of Electrical and Mechanical EngineeringAddis Ababa Science and Technology UniversityAddis AbabaEthiopia

Personalised recommendations