Advertisement

Pilot-Scale Horizontal Subsurface Flow Constructed Wetland for Removal of Chromium from Tannery Waste Water with Suitable Local Substrate Material

  • Gemechu KassayeEmail author
  • Agegnehu Alemu
  • Nigus Gabbiye
Conference paper
  • 33 Downloads
Part of the Lecture Notes of the Institute for Computer Sciences, Social Informatics and Telecommunications Engineering book series (LNICST, volume 308)

Abstract

The aim of this study was to investigate the performance of pilot scale horizontal subsurface flow constructed wetlands (HSSFCW) for removal chromium containing industrial wastewater with locally available two plant species (Cyprus Papyrus) and Para grass (Brachiara mutica). Twenty-one constructed wetland systems half-filled with coarse aggregate were built. Eighteen of them were used to study the efficiency of chromium (VI) removal with both plants in three replicates and the other three units were used as a control. The experiments were performed at different bed depth of 0.20 m, 0.40 m, and 0.60 m. It was found that HSSFCW with papyrus at constructed wetland bed depth of 0.20 m was the best performed for chromium removal with an efficiency of 98.41%. Comparing efficiency for chromium (VI) removal at the same bed depth, papyrus plant was better than Para grass. On one hand, the growth rate of the plant species was unaffected by the depth of the constructed wetland wastewater system.

Keywords

Constructed wetlands Tannery wastewater Para grass Papyrus grass Horizontal subsurface flow 

References

  1. 1.
    Kivaisi, A.K.: The potential for constructed wetlands for wastewater treatment and reuse in developing countries: a review. Ecol. Eng. 16, 545–560 (2001)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Andreo-Martínez, P., García-Martínez, N., Quesada-Medina, J., Almela, L.: Domestic wastewaters reuse reclaimed by an improved horizontal subsurface-flow constructed wetland: A case study in the southeast of Spain. Biores. Technol. 233, 236–246 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Werker, A.G., Doughtery, J.M., McHenry, J.L., Van Loon, W.A.: Treatment variability for wetland wastewater treatment design in cold climates. Ecol. Eng. 19, 1–11 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Dierberg, F.E., DeBusk, T.A., Jackson, S.D., Chimney, M.J., Pietro, K.: Submerged aquatic vegetation-based treatment wetlands for removing phosphorus from agricultural runoff: response to hydraulic and nutrient loading. Water Res. 36, 1409–1422 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Pastor, R., Benqlilou, C. Paz, D., Cardenas, G., Espun, A., Puigjaner, L.: Design optimization of constructed wetlands for wastewater treatment. Resour. Conserv. Recycl. 37, 193–204 (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Matamoros, V., Puigagut, J Garcı, J., Bayona, J.M.: Behavior of selected priority organic pollutants in horizontal subsurface flow constructed wetlands: a preliminary screening. Chemosphere 69, 1374–1380 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Toscano, A., Langergraber, G., Consoli, S., Cirelli, G.L.: Modelling pollutant removal in a pilot-scale two-stage subsurface flow constructed wetlands. Ecol. Eng. 35, 281–289 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Konnerup, D., Koottatep, T., Brix, H.: Treatment of domestic wastewater in tropical, subsurface flow constructed wetlands planted with Canna and Heliconia. Ecol. Eng. 35, 248–257 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Vymazal, J.: The use constructed wetlands with horizontal sub-surface flow for various types of wastewater. Ecol. Eng. 35, 1–17 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Dotro, G., Larsen, D., Palazolo, P.: Preliminary evaluation of biological and physical-chemical chromium removal mechanisms in gravel media used in constructed wetlands. Water Air Soil Pollut. 215, 507–515 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Zidan, A.R.A., El-Gamal, M.M., Rashed, A.A., El-Hady Eid, M.A.A.: Wastewater treatment in horizontal subsurface flow constructed wetlands using different media (setup stage). Water Sci. 29, 26–35 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Vymazal, J.: Removal of nutrients in various types of constructed wetlands. Sci. Total Environ. 380, 48–65 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Rousseau, D.P.L., Lesage, E., Story, A., Vanrolleghem, P.A., De Pauw, N.: Constructed wetlands for water reclamation. Desalination 218, 181–189 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Saeed, T., Sun, G.: Kinetic modeling of nitrogen and organics removal in vertical and horizontal flow wetlands. Water Res. 45, 3137–3152 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Saeed, T., Afrin, R., Al Muyeed, A., Sun, G.: Treatment of tannery wastewater in a pilot-scale hybrid constructed wetland system in Bangladesh. Chemosphere 88, 1065–1073 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Mthembu, M.S., Odinga, C.A., Swalaha, F.M., Bux, F.: Constructed wetlands: a future alternative wastewater treatment technology. Afr. J. Biotechnol. 12(29), 4542–4553 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Sultana, M.-Y., Akratos, C.S., Pavlou, S., Vayenas, D.V.: Chromium removal in constructed wetlands: a review. Int. Biodeterior. Biodegradation 96, 181–190 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Terfie, T.A.: Post Treatment of Tannery Wastewater in Horizontal Subsurface Flow Constructed Wetland Connected to Sequence Batch Reactor: Performance, Nutrient Profile and Effluent Reuse for Irrigation Doctor of Philosophy in Environmental Sciences Addis Ababa University (2017)Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Vymazal, J.: The use of sub-surface constructed wetlands for wastewater treatment in the Czech Republic: 10 years of experience. Ecol. Eng. 18, 633–646 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Garcia, J., Aguirre, P., Barragán, J., Matamoros, V., Bayona, J.M.: Effect of key design parameters on the efficiency of horizontal subsurface flow constructed wetlands. Ecol. Eng. 25, 405–418 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Torrens, A., Molle, P., Boutin, C., Salgot, C.: Impact of design and operation variables on the performance of vertical-flow constructed wetlands and intermittent sand filters treating pond effluent. Water Res. 43, 1851–1858 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    USEPA. Methodology for Deriving Ambient Water Quality Criteria for the Protection of Human Health, U. S. E. P. Agency (2000)Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Heike, et.al.: Review of subsurface flow constructed wetlands for greywater and domestic wastewater treatment in developing countries, Deutsche Gesellschaft für Technische Zusammenarbeit GmbH (GTZ) (2010)Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Yadav, A.K., Abbassi, R., Kumar, N., Satya, S., Sreekrishnan, T.R., Mishra, B.K.: The removal of heavy metals in wetland microcosms: effects of bed depth, plant species, and metal mobility. Chem. Eng. J. 211–212, 501–507 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Buchberger, S.G., Shaw, G.B.: An approach toward the rational design of constructed wetlands for wastewater treatment. Ecol. Eng. 4, 249–275 (1995)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Calheiros, C.S., Rangel, A.O., Castro, P.M.: Constructed wetland systems vegetated with different plants applied to the treatment of tannery wastewater. Water Air Soil Pollut. 41, 1790–1798 (2007)Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    7196 A, M. CHROMIUM, HEXAVALENT (COLORIMETRIC)Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    Harris, D.C.: Quantitative Chemical Analysis. W.H. Freemanand, New York (2007)Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    EPA, E. the provisional standard for industrial pollution control in Ethiopia. E. P. Authority (2005)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© ICST Institute for Computer Sciences, Social Informatics and Telecommunications Engineering 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gemechu Kassaye
    • 1
    Email author
  • Agegnehu Alemu
    • 2
  • Nigus Gabbiye
    • 1
  1. 1.Faculty of Chemical and Food Engineering, Bahir Dar Institute of TechnologyBahir Dar UniversityBahir DarEthiopia
  2. 2.Department of Chemistry, College of ScienceBahir Dar UniversityBahir DarEthiopia

Personalised recommendations