AgroFarming - An IoT Based Approach for Smart Hydroponic Farming

  • Aashray ModyEmail author
  • Rejo Mathew
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes on Data Engineering and Communications Technologies book series (LNDECT, volume 49)


With world temperatures on the rise and climate change appears as a major factor affecting food production the traditional agriculture techniques may not be the answer to the ever increasing food demand across the globe. One of the key solutions to combat these problems is hydroponics. A lot of research has been done on varied solutions offered by smart hydroponics. A comparative study of the different solutions has not yet been documented. This paper aims to provide a critical review of the current hydroponic systems considering various parameters such as energy efficiency, cost, and type of design. Some of the solutions are PlantTalk Robot Farm and MircoCEA are discussed here.


Hydroponics Smart farming Sensors Mobile IoT 


  1. 1.
    World Population Prospects - Population Division - United Nations, (2019). Accessed 27 Aug 2019
  2. 2.
  3. 3.
    AeroGarden Official Store - Shop and Save on Aero Gardens, Seed Kits, Grow Bulbs & More, AeroGarden Official Store (2019). Accessed 02 Sept 2019
  4. 4.
    Lee, S., Park, S.: Energy savings of home growing plants by using daylight and LED. In: Proceedings of the IEEE Sensors Applications Symposium, Galveston, TX, USA, 19–21 February 2013Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Palande, V., Zaheer, A., George, K.: Fully automated hydroponic system for indoor plant growth. Procedia Comput. Sci. 129, 482–488 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Kobayashi, K., Amore, T., Lazaro, M.: Light-emitting diodes (LEDs) for miniature hydroponic lettuce. Opt. Photonics J. 03(01), 74–77 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Siregar, B., Efendi, S., Pranoto, H., Ginting, R., Andayani, U., Fahmi, F.: Remote monitoring system for hydroponic planting media. In: 2017 International Conference on ICT for Smart Society (ICISS), Tangerang, pp. 1–6 (2017)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Marques, G., Alexia, D., Pitarma, R.: Enhanced Hydroponic Agriculture Environmental Monitoring: An Internet of Things Approach (2019)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Van, L., et al.: PlantTalk: a smartphone-based intelligent hydroponic plant box. Sensors 19(8), 1763 (2019)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Chen, W.-L., Lin, Y.-B., Lin, Y.-W., Chen, R., Liao, J.-K., Ng, F.-L., Chiu, C.-H., et al.: AgriTalk: IoT for precision soil farming of turmeric cultivation. IEEE Internet Things J. 6, 5209–5223 (2019)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Angeloni, S., Pontetti, G.: RobotFarm: a smart and sustainable hydroponic appliance for meeting individual and collective needs. In: Barolli, L., Xhafa, F., Hussain, O. (eds.) Innovative Mobile and Internet Services in Ubiquitous Computing, IMIS 2019. Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing, vol. 994. Springer, Cham (2020)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Modern Analytic Apps for the Enterprise, Plotly (2019). Accessed 02 Sept 2019
  13. 13.
    Harper, C., Siller, M.: OpenAG: a globally distributed network of food computing. IEEE Pervasive Comput. 14(4), 24–27 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Stočes, M., Vaněk, J., Masner, J., Pavlik, J.: Internet of things (IoT) in agriculture - selected aspects. AGRIS on-line Papers Econ. Inform. 8(1), 83–88 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Toffler, A.: The Third Wave. William Morrow, New York (1980)Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Stevens, J.D., Shaikh, T.: MicroCEA: developing a personal urban smart farming device. In: 2018 Second International Conference on Smart Grid and Smart Cities (ICSGSC), Kuala Lumpur, pp. 49–56 (2018)Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Raj, J.S., Ananthi, J.V.: Automation using IoT in greenhouse environment. J. Inf. Technol. 1(01), 38–47 (2019)Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Group Overview “Open Agriculture (OpenAg) – MIT Media Lab”, MIT Media Lab (2019). Accessed 26 Sept 2019
  19. 19.
    Ferrer, E.C., Rye, J., Brander, G., Savas, T., Chambers, D., England, H., Harper, C.: Personal Food Computer: A new device for controlled- environment agriculture. (Submitted on 15 Jun 2017 (v1). Accessed 24 June 2017Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Ipsos Mori survey, commissioned by The Vegan Society, and The Food & You surveys, organised by the Food Standards Agency (FSA) and the Centre for Social Science Research (Natcen) (2018)Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    The state of food and agriculture: Climate change agriculture and food security, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), Rome, Technical report (2016)Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Lee, K.: Turning plants into drug factories. Sci. Am. (2016)Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Fox, J.L.: Turning plants into protein factories. Nat. Biotechnol. 24(10), 1191–1193 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Olinger, G.G., Pettitt, J., Kim, D., Working, C., Bohorov, O., Bratcher, B., Hiatt, E., Hume, S.D., Johnson, A.K., Morton, J., Pauly, M., Whaley, K.J., Lear, C.M., Biggins, J.E., Scully, C., Hensley, L., Zeitlin, L.: Delayed treatment of Ebola virus infection with plant-derived monoclonal antibodies provides protection in rhesus macaques. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 109(44), 18030–18035 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Mukesh Patel School of Technology Management and EngineeringNMIMS (Deemed to be University)MumbaiIndia

Personalised recommendations