Drivers of BIM Implementation in a High Rise Building Project

  • Beliz Özorhon
  • Ahmet KaraciğanEmail author
Conference paper
Part of the Communications in Computer and Information Science book series (CCIS, volume 1188)


The Architectural, Engineering and Construction (AEC) industry is in a transition process that deeply affects the long-established ways of collaboration to complete a project. Building Information Modeling (BIM) is at the core of this process by enabling all the project data digitally available to all stakeholders. In recent years, AEC firms have spent great efforts and resources to implement BIM in their business tasks and they have both common and different reasons for the BIM-centered transformation. These reasons have to do with the pre-defined driving factors that initiate the utilization of BIM. In order to achieve a successful BIM implementation process, these driving factors need to be identified. The primary objective of this study is to systematically identify the drivers of the BIM implementation process using a high rise building project as a case study. In this respect, an extensive literature review was conducted to determine the driving factors that will be used for detailed analysis for a case study. A total of 42 papers were selected related to the BIM implementation process. An initial list of 44 drivers was identified and among these drivers, the frequency was calculated based on the total number of citations. This initial list was modified to obtain a more refined list by grouping/merging similar factors and deleting some irrelevant ones. Three levels of influences namely, industry-level, firm-level and project-level were defined to distinguish the perspectives of the industry, companies, and project teams. A high rise construction project was selected as a case study to analyze the identified drivers. Since high rise buildings consist of complex systems, BIM implementation is crucial for these types of projects. Interviews were conducted with five experts working at Turner International Turkey, which acts as the project management firm of this project. The interviewees were asked to specify the importance level of the listed driving factors on a 1–5 Likert scale. The average ratings for each driver were calculated. Additionally, interviewees were also asked to share their own experiences during the BIM implementation process for the selected project. A comparison of the literature and the case study reveals the key points that are discussed in the paper.


BIM implementation Construction management Building Information Modeling (BIM) Driving factors 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Civil Engineering DepartmentBoğaziçi UniversityIstanbulTurkey
  2. 2.Civil Engineering DepartmentTurner International Project Management Inc. and Boğaziçi UniversityIstanbulTurkey

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