Operator 4.0 and Cognitive Ergonomics

  • Mohamad Fallaha
  • Zeki Murat CinarEmail author
  • Orhan Korhan
  • Qasim Zeeshan
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Management and Industrial Engineering book series (LNMIE)


Industry 4.0 requires a paradigm shift from the traditional manufacturing practices and work environment to a dynamic workplace where humans and machines must work together as a human cyber-physical system for increased productivity and flexibility. It necessitates novel interactions between operators and machines, consequently leading to the transformation of a traditional operator to Operator 4.0 or Smart Operator. Improvement in operators and engineers’ cognitive skills is imminent to adapt to Industry 4.0 working environment. Wearable technology, sensors, or virtual reality equipment enhances cognitive capabilities of the Operator 4.0. Thus cognitive skills of the smart operators are required more rather than the physical strength. This paper presents a review of the recent developments in cognitive ergonomics of Smart Operator or Operator 4.0 in the context of Industry 4.0.


Industry 4.0 Operator 4.0 Cognitive Ergonomics Human intelligence Cyber-Physical Systems (CPS) Human factors Artificial Intelligence (AI) 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mohamad Fallaha
    • 1
  • Zeki Murat Cinar
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Orhan Korhan
    • 1
  • Qasim Zeeshan
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Industrial Engineering DepartmentEastern Mediterranean University (EMU)FamagustaTurkey
  2. 2.Mechanical Engineering DepartmentEastern Mediterranean University (EMU)FamagustaTurkey

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