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The Impact of Road Transport on the Environment

  • Jozef GnapEmail author
  • Branislav Šarkan
  • Vladimír Konečný
  • Tomáš Skrúcaný
Chapter
  • 19 Downloads
Part of the Lecture Notes in Networks and Systems book series (LNNS, volume 124)

Abstract

Exhaust gas emissions from road vehicles influences the environment and life quality of inhabitants, mainly in urban areas. The production of harmful emissions was rapidly decreased by introducing emission standards and limits. Opposite them, the huge increasing number of operated vehicles, mainly in developed countries f. e. in Europe, it eliminates the advantages of new and environmental friendlier vehicles. One of useful solution for health protection of urban inhabitants seems the introducing and supporting alternative propulsions in vehicles—hybrid vehicles and full electric vehicles. Transport and its direct activities are important consumers of energy and producers of greenhouse gases (GHG). The energy intensity and specific GHG production from transport activities are the key targets of the near future in the course of sustainable transport and mobility. There are different approaches to calculate GHG emissions from transport worldwide. In Europe, this has led to the need to standardize the methodology of GHG emissions calculation, the result is European standard EN 16258.

Keywords

Road vehicle emissions Hybrid vehicle Energy intensity GHG production Sustainability Transport services 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jozef Gnap
    • 1
    Email author
  • Branislav Šarkan
    • 1
  • Vladimír Konečný
    • 1
  • Tomáš Skrúcaný
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Road and Urban Transport, Faculty of Operation and Economics of Transport and CommunicationUniversity of ZilinaZilinaSlovakia

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