Psychomotricity in Elderly People with Hearing Impairment
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During life, there are several stages where one of the endings is aging. This aging causes several changes in the motor, physical and cognitive levels. There are several types of aging, such as primary, secondary and tertiary.
During adulthood, there is a gradual hearing loss that intensifies around the age of 50 (presbycusis). These hearing impairments increase with age and can affect 31.6% of elderly people between 65 and 74 years and 62.1% with 85 years or more (data taken from the American population).
Objective: Identify the consequences that these hearing impairments have on the lives of elderly people and the role of psychomotricity and how it can minimize the impact of these impairments on their daily lives.
Methods: A systematic review of the literature was carried out through the EBSCO host (MEDLINE with Full Text and MedicLatina).
Results: Several consequences were found, with emphasis on: “Effects of hearing aids on cognitive functions and depressive signs in elderly people”, “Falls in older people: epidemiology, risk, factors and strategies for prevention” and “Application of a computer-based neurocognitive assessment battery in the elderly with and without hearing loss”.
Conclusion: Psychomotricity, can then, intervene with these people on an emotional level and even on the level of gait and balance. Therefore, it is an added value for these elderly people to benefit from a psychomotor intervention.
KeywordsElderly Hearing impairment Psychomotricity Rehabilitation psychomotor Rehabilitation Hearing loss
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