Health Monitoring and Intervention Plan on Oil Industry Workers: Results from a Case-Study

  • Gisela Marta Oliveira
  • Diogo Guedes Vidal
  • Lilian Monteiro Ferrari Viterbo
  • André Santana Costa
  • Maria Pia FerrazEmail author
Part of the Studies in Systems, Decision and Control book series (SSDC, volume 277)


Oil industry workers are particularly vulnerable to risks related to their especial working conditions like exposure to hazardous chemicals, explosions and fires, working in confined spaces and often in remote areas or in offshore platforms. Dedicated work health surveillance plans that take into consideration environmental risks are of the utmost importance to safeguard workers health and to communicate identified faults and gaps to other institutional departments to provide adequate intervention. This work presents an assessment case-study of an on-going health intervention and monitoring plan focused on oil industry workers and the quality of potable water distributed. In the assessment of risks to health, the quality of water for human use is case-sensitive as water is vital to life but may act as a transmission vector for several diseases whose symptoms may appear as acute (often as a consequence of water contamination by microorganisms or toxic substances) or chronic, usually more related to the ingestion of chemically contaminated water. In the study timeline, six parameters were identified as critical in the water quality: Total Coliforms, Escherichia coli, iron, pH, turbidity and colour. A global graphical distribution of nonconformity analysis by working service for each geographic location and for the entire period of the study highlighted the two worse water quality work sectors: ‘Oil Extractions Stations’ and ‘Baths & Changing Rooms’. Corrective measures arising from this case-study of the on-going health monitoring and intervention plan focus on sensibilization for improvement of workers hygiene and for cleaning and sanitization procedures.


Oil industry workers Potable water quality Health intervention monitoring plan 



This research was funded by FCT—Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia, I.P. through project UID/MULTI/4546/2019.


  1. 1.
    High-level commission on health employment and economic growth. Working for health and growth: investing in the health workforce. Report of the high-level commission on health employment and economic growth, p. 74. World Health Organization (WHO), Geneva, Switzerland (2016)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Bastos, R.K.X.: Revisão da Portaria MS nº 2914/2011: Tema II - Padrão de Potabilidade e Planos de Amostragem - Fundamentação e Linhas Norteadoras; Ministério da Saúde - Governo Federal do Brasil, Brasil, p. 35 (2018)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    MacDonald Gibson, J., Pieper, K.J.: Strategies to improve private-well water quality: a north Carolina perspective. Environ. Health Perspect. 125, 076001 (2017). Scholar
  4. 4.
    Ministério da Saúde - Gabinete do Ministro. Portaria de Consolidação nº 5 de 28 de setembro de 2017: Consolidação das normas sobre as ações e os serviços de saúde do Sistema Único de Saúde. Ministério da Saúde - Governo Federal do Brasil, Ed. Diário Oficial da União de 3 de outubro de 2017, Brasil, p. 926 (2017)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Ministério da Saúde do Brasil - Secretaria de Vigilância em Saúde. Vigilância e controle da qualidade da água para consumo humano [Surveillance and Control in Water Quality for Human Consumption]; Ministério da Saúde, Brasília, p. 212 (2006)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Brandt, M.J., Johnson, K.M., Elphinston, A.J., Ratnayaka, D.D.: Chapter 8-Storage, Clarification and Chemical Treatment. In: Brandt, M.J., Johnson, K.M., Elphinston, A.J., Ratnayaka, D.D., eds. Twort’s Water Supply, 7th edn. Butterworth-Heinemann, Boston, pp. 323-366. (2017)
  7. 7.
    Brandt, M.J., Johnson, K.M., Elphinston, A.J., Ratnayaka, D.D.: Chapter 7-Chemistry, Microbiology and Biology of Water. In Brandt, M.J., Johnson, K.M., Elphinston, A.J., Ratnayaka, D.D. (eds.) Twort’s Water Supply, 7th edn. Butterworth-Heinemann, Boston, pp. 235–321. (2017)
  8. 8.
    World Health Organization (WHO): Guidelines for Drinking-Water Quality, 4th ed. Geneve, Switzerland, pp. 564 (2011)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    World Health Organization (WHO).: Guidelines for Drinking-Water Quality: First Addendum to the fourth edition, Geneve, Switzerland, p. 137 (2017)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    LeChevallier, M.W., Evans, T.M., Seidler, R.J.: Effect of turbidity on chlorination efficiency and bacterial persistence in drinking water. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 42, 159–167 (1981)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Rice, E.W., Baird, R.B., Eaton, A.D.: Standard Methods For the Examination of Water and Wastewater. 23rd edn. American Public Health Association, American Water Works Association, Water Environment Federation (2017)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Natarajan, K.A.: Chapter 12-Biofouling and Microbially Influenced Corrosion. In: Natarajan, K.A. (ed.) Biotechnology of Metals, Elsevier, Amsterdam, pp. 355–393. (2018)
  13. 13.
    Seltenrich, N.: Unwell: The Public Health Implications of Unregulated Drinking Water. Environ. Health Perspect. 125, 114001. (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.UFP Energy, Environment and Health Research Unit (FP-ENAS)University Fernando PessoaPortoPortugal
  2. 2.Universidade CorporativaBahiaBrazil
  3. 3.Health Sciences FacultyUniversity Fernando PessoaPortoPortugal

Personalised recommendations