Advertisement

Ports’s Performance: The Case of East African Ports

Chapter
  • 96 Downloads
Part of the Palgrave Studies in Maritime Economics book series (PSME)

Abstract

Ports are a key part in the development of international trade and, therefore, in the economic growth of countries. Despite the fact that one-third of African countries are landlocked, shipping remains the main gateway to the world market. In this chapter, we present different indicators of the performance of ports in Eastern Africa that could be produced by Port Authorities of the region in the future. Port performance evaluation research is basically aimed at measuring the efficiency of some of the port services. However, the criteria for evaluating efficiency do not address the performance of all agents that play a role in the port environment, and for this reason, this study includes financial and connectivity indicators of Eastern African ports in order to analyse different components of port performance.

Keywords

East Africa Port efficiency Port management Port performance Port connectivity 

Bibliography

  1. Aigner, Dennis, C.A. Knox Lovell, and Peter Schimidt. 1977. Formulation and Estimation of Stochastic Frontier Production Function Models. Journal of Econometrics 6: 21–37.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Akinyemi, Yingigba Chioma. 2016. Port Reform in Nigeria: Efficiency Gains and Challenges. GeoJournal 81 (5): 681–697.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Al-Eraqi, Salem, Adli Mustafa Ahmed, Ahamad Tajudin Khader, and Carlos Barros. 2008. Efficiency of Middle East and East African Seaports: Application of DEA Using Window Analysis. European Journal of Scientific Research 23 (4): 597–612.Google Scholar
  4. Álvarez, Antonio (ed.). 2001. La medición de la eficiencia y la productividad. Madrid: Ediciones Pirámides.Google Scholar
  5. Carine, Anguibi C.F. 2015. Analyzing the Operational Efficiency of Container Ports in Sub-Saharan Africa. Open Journal of Social Sciences 3: 10–17.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Barros, Carlos, and Nicolas Peypoch. 2012. Productivity Assessment of African Seaports with Biased Technological Change. Transportation Planning and Technology 35 (6): 663–675.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Bichou, Khalid. 2013. An Empirical Study of the Impacts of Operating and Market Conditions on Container-port Efficiency and Benchmarking. Research in Transportation Economics 42: 28–37.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Bird, James. 1980. Seaports as a Subset of Gateways for Regions. Progress in Human Geography 4 (4): 360–370.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Bird, James. 1983. Gateways: Slow Recognition, But Irresistible Rise. Tijdschrift Voor Economische En Sociale Geografie 74 (3): 196–202.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Charlier, Jacques J. 1983. Ports et Regions Françaises: Line Analyse Macro-geographique. Acta Geographica Lovaniensia 24: 1–198.Google Scholar
  11. Charnes, Abraham, William W. Cooper, and Edwardo Rhodes. 1978. Measuring the Efficiency Decision-Making Units. European Journal of Operational Research 2 (6): 429–444.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Coelli, Tim, and Sergio Perelman. 1999. A Comparison of Parametric and Non-Parametric Distance Functions: With Application to European Railways. European Journal of Operational Research 117 (2): 326–339.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Coelli, Tim, Antonio Estache, Sergio Perelman, and Lourdes Trujillo. 2003. Una introducción a las medidas de eficiencia. México City: Alfaomega Grupo Editor.Google Scholar
  14. Cullinane, Kevin, Dong-Wook Song, Ping Ji, and Teng-Fei Wang. 2004. An Application of DEA Windows Analysis to Container Port Production Efficiency.The Review of Network Economics 3 (2): 184–206.Google Scholar
  15. Cullinane, Kevin, Dong-Wong Song, and Tengfei Wang. 2005a. The Application of Mathematical Programming Approaches to Estimating Container Port Production Efficiency. Journal of Productivity Analysis 24: 73–92.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Cullinane, Kevin, Ping Ji, and Tengfei Wang. 2005b. The Relationship Between Privatization and DEA Estimates of Efficiency in the Container Port Industry. Journal of Economics and Business 57: 433–462.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. De Neufville, Richard, and Koji Tsunokawa. 1981. Productivity and Returns to Scale in Container Ports. Maritime Policy and Management 8 (2): 121–129.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18.  De Rus, Ginés, Concepción Román, and Lourdes Trujillo. 1994. Actividad económica y estructura de costes del Puerto de La Luz y de Las Palmas. Madrid: Cívitas.Google Scholar
  19. Farrell, Michael J. 1957. The Measurement of Productive Efficiency. Journal of the Royal Statistical Society Series A 120 (3): 253–267.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Fugazza, Marco, and Jan Hoffmann. 2017. Liner Shipping Connectivity as Determinant of Trade. Journal of Shipping and Trade 2 (1): 1–18.Google Scholar
  21. Global Construction Review. 2017. Global Construction Review. http://www.globalconstructionreview.com. Accessed October 2019.
  22. González, María M., and Lourdes Trujillo. 2008. Reforms and Infrastructure Efficiency in Spain’s Container Ports. Transportation Research Part A 42 (1): 243–257.Google Scholar
  23. Humphreys, Martin, Aiga Stokenberga, Matias Herrera Dappe, Atsushi Iimi, and Olivier Hartmann. 2019. Port Development and Competition in East and Southern Africa: Prospects and Challenges. Directions in Development. Washington, DC: World Bank.Google Scholar
  24. Kany, Pascal, and Yan Chen. 2017. Comparison of Port Efficiency Between Eastern and Western African Ports Using DEA Window Analysis. International Conference on Service Systems and Service Management: 1–6.Google Scholar
  25. Martínez-Zarzoso, Inmaculada, and Jan Hoffmann. 2007. Costes de transporte y conectividad en el comercio internacional entre la Unión Europea y Latinoamérica. Comercio Internacional y Costes de Transporte 834: 45–59.Google Scholar
  26. Meeusen, Wim, and Julien Van den Broeck. 1977. Efficiency Estimation from Cobb Douglas Production Functions with Composed Error. International Economic Review 18: 435–444.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Notteboom, Theo, Chris Coeck, and Julien Van den Broeck. 2000. Measuring and Explaining the Relative Efficiency of Container Terminals by Means of Bayesian Stochastic Frontier Models. International Journal of Maritime Economics 2 (2): 83–106.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Nwanosike, Felicia O., Nicoleta S. Tipi, and David Warnock-Smith. 2016. Productivity Change in Nigerian Seaports After Reform: A Malmquist Productivity Index Decomposition Approach. Maritime Policy and Management 43 (7): 798–811.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Okeudo, Geraldine. 2013. Measurement of Efficiency Level in Nigerian Seaport after Reform Policy Implementation. Case Study of Onne and Rivers Seaport, Nigeria. IOSR Journal of Business and Management 12 (5): 46–55.Google Scholar
  30. Pérez, Ivone, Lourdes Trujillo, and María Manuela González. 2016. Efficiency Determinants of Container Terminals in Latin American and the Caribbean. Utilities Policy 41: 1–14.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Slack, Brian, and Antoine Frémont. 2009. Fifty years of Organisational Change in Container Shipping: Regional Shift and the Role of Family Firms. GeoJournal 74 (1): 23–24.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Trujillo, Lourdes, and Gustavo Nombela. 2000. Privatization and Regulation of the Seaport Industry. Washington, DC: World Bank Institute Publications.Google Scholar
  33. Trujillo, Lourdes, María Manuela González, and Juan Luis Jiménez. 2013. An Overview on the Reform Process of African Ports. Utilities Policy 25: 12–22.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Trujillo, Lourdes, Inmaculada Aguiar, and Victoria Ruiz-Mallorquí. 2018a. East African Port Authority. Financial Analysis. IAME 2018. Athens.Google Scholar
  35. Trujillo, Lourdes, María Manuela González, and Juan Luis Jiménez. 2018b. Efficiency Drivers in Eastern African Ports. IAME 2018. Athens.Google Scholar
  36. ULPGC. 2018. Performance Assessment of the Port Sector in East Africa. Project funded by the World Bank (WB contract, 7184497). PI: Trujillo, Lourdes and Manrique-de-Lara, Casiano, University of Las Palmas de Gran Canaria (ULPGC).Google Scholar
  37. UNCTAD. 2018. Review of Maritime Transport. United Nations Conference on Trade and Development.Google Scholar
  38. van Dyck, George K. 2015. Assessment of Port Efficiency in West Africa Using Data Envelopment Analysis. American Journal of Industrial and Business Management 5 (4): 208–218.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Wanke, Peter, Obioma R. Nwaogbe, and Zhongfei Chen. 2017. Efficiency in Nigerian Ports: Handling Imprecise Data with a Two-Stage Fuzzy Approach. Maritime Policy and Management 45 (5): 699–715.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Wilmsmeier, Gordon, Beatriz Tovar, and Ricardo Sánchez. 2013. The Evolution of Container Terminal Productivity and Efficiency Under Changing Economic Environments. Research in Transportation Business and Management 8: 50–66.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. World Bank 2018. Quality of Port infrastructure. https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/IQ.WEF.PORT.XQ. Accessed 12 October 2019.

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of Las Palmas de Gran CanariaLas PalmasSpain

Personalised recommendations