Advertisement

Initiation Parameters of Wood Based Materials

  • Peter RantuchEmail author
  • Jozef Martinka
  • Igor Wachter
Conference paper
  • 24 Downloads

Abstract

Worldwide, wood-based materials are massively exploited in many industries. As a renewable material with significantly lower environmental impact compared with conventional materials is very likely that their production will grow in the future. This paper deals with the determination of parameters characterizing the initiation of not only solid wood as the original raw material but also of other composites produced from it. Specifically, the parameters are: critical heat flux, thermal response parameter, initiation temperature and apparent thermal inertia. These parameters are calculated based on the dependencies between external heat flux and time to initiation suggested in the literature. During the measurement, samples of selected materials were dried to zero humidity and subsequently exposed to thermal radiation of varying intensities using a cone emitter. The results of these measurements were evaluated by graphs. Calculated values of initiation parameters are listed in a summary table and can be used for further calculations in the area of personal and property fire protection.

Keywords

Wood Critical heat flux Thermal response parameter Initiation temperature Apparent thermal inertia 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This work was supported by the Slovak Research and Development Agency under the contract No. APVV-16-0223.

References

  1. 1.
    Xu Q, Chen L, Harries KA, Zhang F, Liu Q, Feng J (2015) Combustion and charring properties of five common constructional wood species from cone calorimeter tests. Constr Build Mater 96:416–427CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Dao DQ, Luche J, Richard F, Rogaume T, Bourhy-Weber C, Ruban S (2013) Determination of characteristic parameters for the thermal decomposition of epoxy resin/carbon fibre composites in cone calorimeter. Int J Hydrogen Energ 38:8167–8178CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    DiNenno PJ (2008) SFPE handbook of fire protection engineering. SFPE, GaithersburgGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Spearpoint MJ, Quintiere JG (2001) Predicting the piloted ignition of wood in the cone calorimeter using an integral model—effect of species, grain orientation and heat flux. Fire Saf J 36(4):391–415CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Karlsson B, Quintiere J (1999) Enclosure fire dynamics. CRC Press, Boca RatonCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Babrauskas V, Parker WJ (1987) Ignitability measurements with the cone calorimeter. Fire Mater 11:31–43CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Fangrat J, Hasemi Y, Yoshida M, Hirata T (1996) Surface temperature at ignition of wooden based slabs. Fire Saf J. 27:249–259CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Goff LJ (1993) Investigation of polymeric materials using the cone calorimeter. Polym Eng Sci 33:497–500CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    An W, Jiang L, Sun J, Liew KM (2015) Correlation analysis of sample thickness, heat flux, and cone calorimetry test data of polystyrene foam. J Therm Anal Calorim 119:229–238CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Delichatsios MA (2000) Ignition times for thermally thick and intermediate conditions in flat and cylindrical geometries. Fire Saf Sci 6:233–244CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Tewarson A, Ogden SD (1992) Fire behavior of polymethylmethacrylate. Combust Flame 89:237–259CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Delichatsios MA, Panagiotou TH, Kiley F (1991) The use of time to ignition data for characterizing the thermal inertia and the minimum (critical) heat flux for ignition or pyrolysis. Combust Flame 84:323–332CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Harada T (2001) Time to ignition, heat release rate and fire endurance time of wood in cone calorimeter test. Fire Mater 25:161–167CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Patel P, Hull TR, Stec AA, Lyon RE (2011) Influence of physical properties on polymer flammability in the cone calorimeter. Polym Adv Technol 22:1100–1107CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Kraniotis D, Nore K, Brückner C, Nyrud AQ (2016) Thermography measurements and latent heat documentation of Norwegian spruce (picea abies) exposed to dynamic indoor climate. J. Wood Sci 62:203–209CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Rantuch P, Kačíková D, Martinka J, Balog K (2015) The influence of heat flux density on the thermal decomposition of osb. Acta Facultatis Xylologiae Zvolen res Publica Slovaca 57:125–134Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    White RH, Dietenberger MA (2001) Wood products: thermal degradation and fire. In: Encyclopedia of materials: science and technology, pp 9712–9716Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Moghtaderi B, Novozhilov V, Fletcher DF, Kent JH (1997) A new correlation for bench-scale piloted ignition data of wood. Fire Saf J 29:41–59CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Batiot B, Fateh T, Rogaume T, Luche J, Richard F (2013) Experimental investigation of thermal degradation for three kinds of wood. In: Fire and Materials 2013Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Fateh T, Rogaume T, Luche J, Richard F, Jabouille F (2014) Characterization of the thermal decomposition of two kinds of plywood with a cone calorimeter–FTIR apparatus. J Anal Appl Pyrol 107:87–100CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Tsai K-C (2009) Orientation effect on cone calorimeter test results to assess fire hazard of materials. J Hazard Mater 172:763–772CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Boonmee N, Quintiere JG (2002) Glowing and flaming autoignition of wood. Proc Combust. Inst 29:289–296CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Wu W, Yang L, Gong J, Qie J, Wang Y, He Y (2011) Experimental study of the effect of spark power on piloted ignition of wood at different altitudes. J Fire Sci 29:465–475CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Materials Science and Technology in TrnavaSlovak University of Technology in BratislavaTrnavaSlovakia

Personalised recommendations