Advertisement

Behavior of Bamboo Wall Panel at Elevated Temperature

  • Anu Bala
  • Ashish Kumar Dash
  • Supratic Gupta
  • Vasant MatsagarEmail author
Conference paper
  • 28 Downloads

Abstract

With the development of technology, mud plaster has been replaced by cement plaster for supporting bamboo mesh in wall panels and known as ekra wall or bamcrete wall. Usually, low grade mortar is used in making the bamcrete wall, while the latest studies have used high strength mortar. Bamboo burns through pyrolysis process like wood when it is exposed to the fire condition. Fire safety is one of the major challenges for the construction industry to use the bamcrete wall panel. In the present study, performance of bamboo reinforced panels at elevated temperature is presented. Bamboo strips were inter-woven and protected by the cement mortar. The weight-loss and loss of mechanical strength of wall panel has been studied at 100 ℃, 200 ℃, 300 ℃, and 400 ℃ maintained for a fixed time period.

Keywords

Bamboo Bamcrete Bamboo reinforced wall panel Elevated temperature 

References

  1. 1.
    Correal JF, Echeverry JS, Ramírez F, Yamín LE (2014) Experimental evaluation of physical and mechanical properties of Glued Laminated Guadua angustifolia Kunth. Constr Build Mater 73:105–112CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Mena J, Vera S, Correal JF, Lopez M (2012) Assessment of fire reaction and fire resistance of Guadua angustifolia kunth bamboo. Constr Build Mater 27(1):60–65CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Ghavami K (1995) Ultimate load behavior of bamboo-reinforced lightweight concrete beams. Cement Concr Compos 17(4):281–288CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Dash AK (2018) Evaluation of bamcrete panel as an effective walling system. Doctoral dissertation, Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Delhi, IndiaGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Madden J, Guiterrez M, Maluk C (2018) Structural performance of laminated bamboo columns during fire. In: Australian structural engineering conference: ASEC-2018. Engineers Australia, p 210Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Lin WM, Lin TD, Powers-Couche LJ (1996) Microstructures of fire- damaged concrete. Mater J 93(3):199–205Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Piasta J (1984) Heat deformations of cement paste phases and the microstructure of cement paste. Mater Struct 17(6):415–420CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Handoo SK, Agarwal S, Agarwal SK (2002) Physicochemical, mineralogical, and morphological characteristics of concrete exposed to elevated temperatures. Cem Concr Res 32(7):1009–1018CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Lipinskas D, Maciulaitis R (2005) Further opportunities for development of the method for fire origin prognosis. J Civ Eng Manag 1(4):299–307CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Lingens A, Windeisen E, Wegener G (2005) Investigating the combustion behaviour of various wood species via their fire gases. Wood Sci Technol 39(1):49–60CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Mačiulaitis R, Jefimovas A, Zdanevičius P (2012) Research of natural wood combustion and charring processes. J Civ Eng Manag 18(5):631–641CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    ISO: 834 (1999) Fire resistance tests-elements of building construction. International Organization for Standardization, Geneva, SwitzerlandGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    ASTM (2001) E119, standard test methods for fire tests of building construction and materials, West Conshohocken, Pennsylvania (PA), USAGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Buchanan AH (2001) Fire engineering design guide. Centre for Advanced Engineering, University of Canterbury, New ZealandGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Anu Bala
    • 1
  • Ashish Kumar Dash
    • 1
  • Supratic Gupta
    • 1
  • Vasant Matsagar
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Civil EngineeringIndian Institute of Technology (IIT) DelhiNew DelhiIndia

Personalised recommendations