Building Envelope Material Solutions for the Timber Structures Intended for Housing and Accommodation in Terms of Fire Safety, Fire Progression, and Consequences of Fire
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The paper analyses the load-bearing construction systems in timber structures and their application in multi-storey buildings. It deals with the legislative limitations of their use in dependence on the building´s fire height, calculated fire load and the design of fire separating elements. It provides the optimized envelope material solutions in terms of thermal protection considering the sustainable construction according to Europe 2020 Strategy focusing on the use of renewable and recycled materials. Compositions of building envelopes and fire-separating structures are chosen to use in composite or flammable construction systems and apply in model solutions for buildings intended for housing and accommodation. The paper presents statistical data on the occurrence and consequences of fire in the buildings with composite and flammable construction systems compared to the buildings with non-flammable components. The paper also compares the active fire protection in buildings intended for housing and accommodation considering the requirements specified in Slovak and foreign legislation.
KeywordsFire protection Timber buildings Building envelopes Europe 2020 Strategy Fire safety
The paper presents the results of the project VEGA 1/0248/19.
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