Association Between Opioid Prescribing Rates and Health Outcomes
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This chapter utilizes health data, data from California’s PBSS, and U.S. Census data from 2012–2017 to examine the associations between the county-level opioid prescribing rate and opioid-related health outcomes, while controlling for multiple community characteristics (demographics, population density, housing, income, employment, and health) in all 58 California counties. Utilizing a series of Poisson regression models, the association between the opioid prescribing rate and three different health outcomes (emergency room visits, hospitalizations, and overdose deaths involving opioids) were examined-. The results suggest that the 2012–2017 opioid prescribing rate was significantly associated with opioid-involved emergency room visit rates, hospitalization rates, and overdose death rates, even when controlling for each type of community characteristics.
KeywordsOpioids Drugs Overdoses Emergency rooms Prescriptions Counties Epidemic
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