Association Between Opioid Prescribing Rates and Health Outcomes

  • Wesley G. Jennings
  • Nicholas Perez
  • Chris Delcher
  • Yanning Wang
Part of the SpringerBriefs in Criminology book series (BRIEFSCRIMINOL)


This chapter utilizes health data, data from California’s PBSS, and U.S. Census data from 2012–2017 to examine the associations between the county-level opioid prescribing rate and opioid-related health outcomes, while controlling for multiple community characteristics (demographics, population density, housing, income, employment, and health) in all 58 California counties. Utilizing a series of Poisson regression models, the association between the opioid prescribing rate and three different health outcomes (emergency room visits, hospitalizations, and overdose deaths involving opioids) were examined-. The results suggest that the 2012–2017 opioid prescribing rate was significantly associated with opioid-involved emergency room visit rates, hospitalization rates, and overdose death rates, even when controlling for each type of community characteristics.


Opioids Drugs Overdoses Emergency rooms Prescriptions Counties Epidemic 


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Copyright information

© The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Wesley G. Jennings
    • 1
  • Nicholas Perez
    • 2
  • Chris Delcher
    • 3
  • Yanning Wang
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of Legal StudiesUniversity of MississippiUniversityUSA
  2. 2.School of Criminology, Criminal Justice, and Emergency ManagementCalifornia State University SystemLong BeachUSA
  3. 3.Department of Pharmacy Practice and ScienceUniversity of KentuckyLexingtonUSA
  4. 4.Department of Health Outcomes and Biomedical InformaticsUniversity of FloridaGainesvilleUSA

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