Electronic Countermeasure and Electronic Counter-Countermeasure

  • Bahman Zohuri


The evolution of electronic warfare has been driven by the competition between electronic countermeasures (ECM) and electronic counter-countermeasures (ECCM). Electronic warfare involves not only harnessing the electromagnetic spectrum but defending against enemy use of the spectrum, and, if possible, denying their ability to use it in the first place. Since the earliest attempts at jamming radio communications, techniques have been developed to counteract enemy ECM. Today we’ll discuss how ECCM continues to evolve and shape the nature of modern warfare.


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bahman Zohuri
    • 1
  1. 1.Electrical EngineeringUniversity of New MexicoAlbuquerqueUSA

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