Gears pp 21-56 | Cite as

The First Scientific Age and Birth of the Science: From the Beginning of Hellenism to the Diaspora of Scientists of the Museum of Alexandria

  • Vincenzo VulloEmail author
Part of the Springer Series in Solid and Structural Mechanics book series (SSSSM, volume 12)


In this chapter, the development of gears in the first scientific age (the age from the beginning of Hellenism to the diaspora of the Alexandria Museum scientists) is described. This development is characterized by the conception and construction of gears with characteristics almost analogous to modern gears; it is framed in the historical framework of the revolution of the way of thinking about natural phenomena, which is peculiar to the golden age of Hellenism, in which science in the modern sense of the term was born and the scientific method was affirmed. The main contributions to this development, given by scientists, researchers and scholars of the main cultural centers of Hellenism, are described, with particular attention to those of Archimedes, rightly universally considered the gretest scientist of the ancient world, and one of the greatest scientists of every age and time. The great innovations that made use of geared mechanisms are described in greater detail, focusing attention on the qualifying theoretical contributions that underlie the same mechanisms, which for the first time appeared in the history of technology, intended as the daughter of science.


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of Rome “Tor Vergata”RomeItaly

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