Introduction: Setting the Stage

  • Rumu Sarkar


At the outset, there are certain historical trends that form a backdrop to the overall discussion that follows and that merit some discussion. It is appropriate to begin with a fin de siècle analysis since we have ended a momentous century and have begun a new millennium. This is a most propitious time to revisit and assess the historical and other implications of the past eventful and stressful century and to explore the lessons it may hold for the future that is already overtaking us. Accordingly, this chapter will discuss certain significant historical trends, and establish a backdrop of two important factors: the failure of the state and the failure of ideology.


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© The Editor(s) (if applicable) and The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rumu Sarkar
    • 1
  1. 1.General CounselMillennium PartnersCharlottesvilleUSA

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