Interoperability of Solutions in a Crisis Management Environment Showcased in Trial-Austria
- 92 Downloads
Crisis Management (CM) is a challenging area when it comes to connecting solutions aiming to support the various tasks involved in handling of CM situations. DRIVER+  an EU-funded project launched in 2014 was setting up a technical infrastructure (so called Test-bed) that allows to interconnect solutions, so they can interact and exchange all crisis relevant information that commanders need, to make their decisions and plan their actions related to a specific crisis.
To verify the DRIVER+ Test-bed as well as the DRIVER+ Trial Guidance Methodology  and furthermore, to overcome identified CM gaps , a series of Trials was setup. Trial-Austria was the fourth one to be executed.
This Trial was especially challenging as it was held as a field exercise in parallel to a huge European Civil Protection Exercise (called IRONORE2019). The scenario to be dealt with was an earthquake scenario.
The developed methodology, Test-bed as well as various solutions taking part in DRIVER+ are a perfect base and platform to deal with whatever hazard (e.g. chemical, physical, etc.) is endangering our environment or wellbeing.
KeywordsCrisis Management DRIVER+ Trial Earthquake Interoperability Innovative solutions Environmental hazards
This project has received funding from the European Union’s Seventh Framework Programme for research, technological development and demonstration under grant agreement no. 607798. The information and views set out in this publication are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the official opinion of the European Union.
This Trial owes a lot to the professionals of the Austrian Red Cross acting as commanders during the Trial as well as the link to the IRONORE2019  exercise, which brought their professionalism, suggestions and recommendations for further improvements to the Trial, and demonstrated a very impressive and gratifying commitment in the management and execution of the various Trial scenarios but also in the feedback discussion that followed.
The observers, with their professional experience as commanders, teachers and evaluators to this Trial brought a precious methodological perspective for the evaluation, as well as an encouraging feedback.
The students and teachers from the Young Business School in Eisenerz (BHAK)  acting as volunteers for the emergent group scenarios testing the CrowdTasker application and taking part in the PFA training and providing their valuable feedbacks on solutions as well as on the trainings.
We would like to express our gratitude to all of them.
- 1.Project DRIVER+. https://www.driver-project.eu
- 2.D922.11: List of CM gaps. DRIVER+ Deliverable (March 2018)Google Scholar
- 3.Trial Guidance Methodology. https://www.driver-project.eu/trial-guidancemethodology/
- 4.D922.21 - Trial guidance methodology and guidance tool specifications, DRIVER+ Deliverable (March 2018)Google Scholar
- 5.DRIVER+ Test-Bed Specification. https://driver-eu.gitbook.io/test-bed-specification
- 6.Vullings, E., van Campen, S., Hameete, P., Hendriks, M.: An interoperability framework for trials and exercises. In: ITEC 2019 Conference Stockholm (April 2019)Google Scholar
- 7.Apache Kafka. https://kafka.apache.org
- 8.DRIVER+ Test-Bed Design. https://driver-eu.github.io/test-bed-design
- 9.IRONORE2019 Project. https://www.ironore.eu
- 10.Middelhoff, M., et al.: Crowdsourcing and crowdtasking in crisis management: lessons learned from a field experiment simulating a flooding in city of the Hague. In: Proceedings of the International Conference on Information and Communication Technologies for Disaster Management (December 2016)Google Scholar
- 11.Drews, P., Eiser-Mauthner, J., Kloyber, C.: Spontaneous volunteer management programs for emergency management – a European perspective. In: Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Healthcare System Preparedness & Response to Emergencies & Disasters (IPRED IV), Tel Aviv, pp. 154–156 (January 2016)Google Scholar
- 12.AnsuR and Inmarsat Solutions: Presentation of the BGAN satellite communication device. Inmarsat company (March 2014). https://www.inmarsat.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/04/AnsuR_and_Inmarsat_Solutions_Indon_Case_Study_e.pdf
- 13.DRIVER+ Trials. https://www.driver-project.eu/events/trials/
- 14.DRIVER+ Portfolio of Solutions. http://pos.driverproject.eu/
- 15.Ignjatović, D., Havlik, D., Neubauer, G., Turptil, S., Gonzales, F., Regeczi, D.: The portfolio of solutions. In: Proceedings of the 27th Interdisciplinary Information Management Talks, Kutná Hora, Czech Republic, 4–6 September 2019, pp. 199–206 (2019)Google Scholar
- 16.Bundeshandelsakademie Eisenerz: Young Business School. https://www.bhak-eisenerz.at/home/
- 17.Auferbauer, D., Tellioğlu, H.: Centralized crowdsourcing in disaster management. In: Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Communities and Technologies - C&T 2017, pp. 173–182. ACM Press, New York (2017)Google Scholar
- 19.Römer, H., et al.: Using airborne remote sensing to increase situational awareness in civil protection and humanitarian relief – the importance of user involvement. In: The International Archives of the Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Spatial Information Sciences, XXIII ISPRS Congress, Prague, Czech Republic, 12–19 July 2016, vol. XLI-B8, pp. 1363–1370 (2016). https://doi.org/10.5194/isprs-archives-XLI-B8-1363-2016CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- 20.WHO: War Trauma Foundation and World Vision International (2011). https://www.who.int/mental_health/publications/guide_field_workers/en/. Accessed 28 Nov 2019
- 21.vieWTerra Evolution. https://www.viewterra.com
- 22.AnsuR Technologies. https://www.ansur.no