Nature in Built Space in Western Europe

  • Ambe J. Njoh


As analyzed in this book, Western Europe as a region coincides approximately with the European Union. It is the birthplace of the Industrial Revolution. It is therefore not surprising that it faces some of the most serious problems rooted in air pollution and environmental contamination writ large. These problems are present mainly in urban centres, which tend to be dominant given the region’s status as the most urbanized in the world. As the most urbanized region, biodiversity loss emerges as one of the region’s leading environmental problems. The region also faces some of the most stuborn challenges when it comes to developing and preserving nature in the built environment. While these problems are not new, their exact nature and origins remain largely unknown. This chapter seeks to shed light on the problems by analyzing them as a function of political, economic, technological, ecological, cultural and historical factors. In the process it shows how these factors have affected, or can affect, efforts to develop and manage nature in the region’s built environment.


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ambe J. Njoh
    • 1
  1. 1.School of GeosciencesUniversity of South FloridaTampaUSA

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