Nature in Built Space in Asia and the Pacific

  • Ambe J. Njoh


The Asia and Pacific region has been experiencing many problems arising from heightened levels of urbanization, population growth, and industrialization. These factors have exacerbated many problems in built space, especially those relating to energy, food and water shortages as well as traffic congestion and air pollution. Paradoxically, these problems have been compounded by the unprecedented levels of economic growth experienced in the region in the recent past. For instance, problems of traffic congestion, noise and air pollution were relatively absent from the region until the dawn of its ‘economic miracle.’ This chapter has shed some light on efforts to promote nature in built space in the face of the identified problems. In particular, the chapter has discussed the many ways by which the region’s political, economic, social, technological, ecological, cultural and historical contexts have affected initiatives to create and maintain forests, gardens, parks, and green infrastructure in general in its built space.


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ambe J. Njoh
    • 1
  1. 1.School of GeosciencesUniversity of South FloridaTampaUSA

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