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Bone Cement pp 43-68 | Cite as

Productivity: Cells

  • Hamid Reza RezaieEmail author
  • Mohammad Hossein Esnaashary
  • Masoud Karfarma
  • Andreas Öchsner
Chapter
Part of the SpringerBriefs in Applied Sciences and Technology book series (BRIEFSAPPLSCIENCES)

Abstract

In tissue engineering, besides osteoconductivity and osteoinductivity, the ability to regenerate tissue should also be considered. To this aim, many kinds of cells have been investigated to seed on scaffolds. Bone tissue is a habitat of various kinds of the cells dividing into two main categories: stem cell niches and resident cells in bone. The latter includes osteoblasts, osteoclasts, osteocytes, and osteoprogenitor cells. According to these cells, four classes of the stem cells and their derivations have been selected to be used in the bone tissue engineering. The classes discussed in this chapter are as follows: embryonic stem cells, induced pluripotent stem cells, fetal stem cells, and adult stem cells. Besides the kinds of cells, the methods for seeding the cells and the reactors for enhancement of the cell activities are also important, which are explained at the end of this chapter.

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Copyright information

© The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hamid Reza Rezaie
    • 1
    Email author
  • Mohammad Hossein Esnaashary
    • 1
  • Masoud Karfarma
    • 1
  • Andreas Öchsner
    • 2
  1. 1.Ceramic and Biomaterial Division, Department of Engineering MaterialsIran University of Science and TechnologyTehranIran
  2. 2.Faculty of Mechanical EngineeringEsslingen University of Applied SciencesEsslingen am NeckarGermany

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